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We introduce the Longterm Observation of Scenes (with Tracks) dataset. This dataset comprises videos taken from streaming outdoor webcams, capturing the same half hour, each day, for over a year. LOST contains rich metadata, including geolocation, day-by-day weather annotation, object detections, and tracking results. We believe that sharing this dataset(More)
Pain is a multidimensional perception and is modified at distinct regions of the neuroaxis. During enhanced pain, neuroplastic changes occur in the spinal and supraspinal nociceptive modulating centers and may result in a hypersensitive state termed central sensitization, which is thought to contribute to chronic pain states. Central sensitization(More)
A prototype electronic retinal prosthesis has been tested in three subjects. The system features an implanted retinal stimulator and an external system for image acquisition, processing, and telemetry. The subjects in general performed better than chance on psychophysical tests involving object detection, object counting, object discrimination, and(More)
More than 1.5 billion people worldwide suffer from chronic pain, yet current treatment strategies often lack efficacy or have deleterious side effects in patients. Adenosine is an inhibitory neuromodulator that was previously thought to mediate antinociception through the A1 and A2A receptor subtypes. We have since demonstrated that A3AR agonists have(More)
Treatment of severe pain by morphine, the gold-standard opioid and a potent drug in our arsenal of analgesic medications, is limited by the eventual development of hyperalgesia and analgesic tolerance. We recently reported that systemic administration of a peroxynitrite (PN) decomposition catalyst (PNDC) or superoxide dismutase mimetic attenuates morphine(More)
Chronic pain is a global burden that promotes disability and unnecessary suffering. To date, efficacious treatment of chronic pain has not been achieved. Thus, new therapeutic targets are needed. Here, we demonstrate that increasing endogenous adenosine levels through selective adenosine kinase inhibition produces powerful analgesic effects in rodent models(More)
Crowd-sourcing tools such as Mechanical Turk are popular for annotation of large scale image data sets. Typically, these annotations consist of bounding boxes or coarse outlines of objects, in order to keep the interface as simple as possible and to respect browser constraints. However, as most browsers now contain functionality to quickly process images(More)
Many commonly used chemotherapeutics including oxaliplatin are associated with the development of a painful chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). This dose-limiting complication can appear long after the completion of therapy causing a significant reduction in quality-of-life and impeding cancer treatment. We recently reported that activation(More)
Peroxynitrite (PN, ONOO(-)) is a potent oxidant and nitrating agent that contributes to pain through peripheral and spinal mechanisms, but its supraspinal role is unknown. We present evidence here that PN in the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) is essential for descending nociceptive modulation in rats during inflammatory and neuropathic pain through(More)
This presentation is a report on the in situ characterization of stimulating microelectrodes in the context of multielectrode retinal prosthetic implants. The experimental system approximately replicates the geometric and electrical parameters of Second Sight Medical Products' Argus II Retinal Implant. Topographic maps of electric potentials have been(More)