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PURPOSE To examine relationships between selected sociodemographic, health-related and environmental factors and levels of physical activity in older adults across three age groups. METHODS Seven hundred sixty-four older adults (mean age = 77.4 +/- 8.6 yr) from a midsize Canadian city completed a self-administered questionnaire under researcher(More)
UNLABELLED The relationship between household endotoxin and asthma in children is not clear. To further investigate the relationship between sources of endotoxin and childhood asthma, we conducted a case-control study of children with and without asthma and examined their more frequent household exposures in the home. Children ages 6-13 years with current(More)
PURPOSE This study compared nursing aides (NAs) employed in rural nursing homes with and without dementia special care units (SCUs) on (1) exposure to and distress from disruptive behaviours exhibited by residents, (2) job strain and (3) physical assault. DESIGN AND METHODS The data were drawn from a larger study conducted in Saskatchewan, Canada, in(More)
INTRODUCTION Respiratory illness is a leading cause of death worldwide, with rates that will continue to escalate into the foreseeable future. Rural residents have an increased risk of dying from some forms of respiratory disease, although little is known about the healthcare utilization or location of death for persons with advanced respiratory illness in(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have documented similar levels of end-of-life symptom burden for lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, yet there has been little comparison of health care utilization during this period. This study contrasts health care utilization by people with COPD and those with lung cancer in the 12 months(More)
OBJECTIVE Few studies have examined variations in overweight and obesity by geographic location in youth. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between urban/rural geographic status and being overweight or obese among Canadian adolescents. METHODS The study involved an analysis of a representative sample of 4851 Canadian adolescents(More)
BACKGROUND It has been shown that exposure in intense exposure in swine barn facilities is associated with increased respiratory symptoms and reduction in pulmonary functions. This study investigated if systemic response could be predicted by FEV(1) response following swine barn exposure. METHODS Naïve males were tested at baseline, low and high endotoxin(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals engaged in work in intensive animal houses experience some of the highest rates of occupationally related respiratory symptoms. Organic dust and in particular endotoxin has been most closely associated with respiratory symptoms and lung function changes in workers. It has previously been shown that for intensive poultry operations,(More)
BACKGROUND Swine farmers are exposed to a number of airborne contaminants associated with respiratory ill health. OBJECTIVES To examine the factors associated with healthy worker effect in the swine industry from a longitudinal follow-up of farmers at 4 years and 13 years. DESIGN A prospective study of swine farmers and nonexposed rural residents was(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of exposure to damp housing on respiratory symptoms in women and men. METHOD We examined sex differences in the relationship between damp housing and respiratory symptoms in a cross-sectional survey of 1988 adults, 18 to 74 years of age, using a self-administered questionnaire. We used chi (2) and t-tests to test(More)