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PURPOSE This study compared nursing aides (NAs) employed in rural nursing homes with and without dementia special care units (SCUs) on (1) exposure to and distress from disruptive behaviours exhibited by residents, (2) job strain and (3) physical assault. DESIGN AND METHODS The data were drawn from a larger study conducted in Saskatchewan, Canada, in(More)
PURPOSE To examine relationships between selected sociodemographic, health-related and environmental factors and levels of physical activity in older adults across three age groups. METHODS Seven hundred sixty-four older adults (mean age = 77.4 +/- 8.6 yr) from a midsize Canadian city completed a self-administered questionnaire under researcher(More)
UNLABELLED The relationship between household endotoxin and asthma in children is not clear. To further investigate the relationship between sources of endotoxin and childhood asthma, we conducted a case-control study of children with and without asthma and examined their more frequent household exposures in the home. Children ages 6-13 years with current(More)
INTRODUCTION Respiratory illness is a leading cause of death worldwide, with rates that will continue to escalate into the foreseeable future. Rural residents have an increased risk of dying from some forms of respiratory disease, although little is known about the healthcare utilization or location of death for persons with advanced respiratory illness in(More)
BACKGROUND It has been shown that exposure in intense exposure in swine barn facilities is associated with increased respiratory symptoms and reduction in pulmonary functions. This study investigated if systemic response could be predicted by FEV(1) response following swine barn exposure. METHODS Naïve males were tested at baseline, low and high endotoxin(More)
OBJECTIVE Few studies have examined variations in overweight and obesity by geographic location in youth. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between urban/rural geographic status and being overweight or obese among Canadian adolescents. METHODS The study involved an analysis of a representative sample of 4851 Canadian adolescents(More)
BACKGROUND Swine farmers are exposed to a number of airborne contaminants associated with respiratory ill health. OBJECTIVES To examine the factors associated with healthy worker effect in the swine industry from a longitudinal follow-up of farmers at 4 years and 13 years. DESIGN A prospective study of swine farmers and nonexposed rural residents was(More)
Respiratory disease can impose a significant burden on the health of rural populations. The Saskatchewan Rural Health Study (SRHS) is a new large prospective cohort study of ages 6 and over currently being conducted in farming and non-farming communities to evaluate potential health determinants associated with respiratory outcomes in rural populations. In(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals engaged in work in intensive animal houses experience some of the highest rates of occupationally related respiratory symptoms. Organic dust and in particular endotoxin has been most closely associated with respiratory symptoms and lung function changes in workers. It has previously been shown that for intensive poultry operations,(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Asthma is a difficult, resource-intensive disease that can result in symptoms, hospitalization and, in rare cases, death. In the past few decades, there has been an abundance of evidence showing the prevalence of asthma to be increasing in certain regions. However, reports have recently emerged suggesting that asthma prevalence has(More)