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BACKGROUND The haplotype H1 of the tau gene, MAPT, is highly associated with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and corticobasal degeneration (CBD). OBJECTIVE To investigate the pathogenic basis of this association. METHODS Detailed linkage disequilibrium and common haplotype structure of MAPT were examined in 27 CEPH trios using validated HapMap(More)
Neural stem cells (NSCs) play an essential role in both the developing embryonic nervous system through to adulthood where the capacity for self-renewal may be important for normal function of the CNS, such as in learning, memory and response to injury. There has been much excitement about the possibility of transplantation of NSCs to replace damaged or(More)
Postmortem brain studies have shown deficits in the cortical gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) system in schizophrenic individuals. Expression studies have shown a decrease in the major GABA-synthesizing enzyme (glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD67) mRNA levels in neurons in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in schizophrenics relative to controls. In the present(More)
The Notch receptor is essential for neural stem cell (NSC) characteristics. Relatively high concentrations (micromolar) of methylmercury (MeHg) activate Notch signalling in Drosophila cell lines; however, exposure of MeHg at such concentrations is rare, and the implications for mammalian cells are unclear. We have shown that MeHg at a nanomolar range(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) of synaptic transmission is under intense investigation. It is believed that the mechanisms involved in its induction and expression are critically involved in synaptic processes that are important for learning and memory and other physiological functions. A reliable means of inducing LTP in dissociated cultured neurones would(More)
Glutamatergic synapses are the primary source of excitatory transmission in the central nervous system (CNS), and their formation is critical in the establishment of neuronal connections. The refinement of these connections occurs during development and also it is postulated during learning and memory. Recent progress in understanding the molecular(More)
The molecular mechanisms underlying long-term potentiation (LTP) of excitatory synaptic transmission in the hippocampus are not well understood. Transient depolarisation of cultured postnatal hippocampal neurones (3x1 s exposure to 90 mM K+) induces a form of LTP that is manifest primarily as an increase in mEPSC frequency. Site-directed antibodies that(More)
The use of hippocampal dissociated neuronal cultures has enabled the study of molecular changes in endogenous native proteins associated with long-term potentiation. Using immunofluorescence labelling of the active (Thr286-phosphorylated) alpha-Ca(2+) /calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) we found that CaMKII activity was increased by transient(More)
Microenvironmental mechanical properties of stem cell niches vary across tissues and developmental stages. Accumulating evidence suggests that matching substrate elasticity with in vivo tissue elasticity facilitates stem cell differentiation. However, it has not been established whether substrate elasticity can control the maturation stage of cells(More)
Early telencephalic development is dependent on the spatially and temporally coordinated regulation by essential signaling factors. For example, members of the Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP) family, such as BMP4, are crucial for proper development of dorsal telencephalic structures. Stimulation of multipotent telencephalic neural stem cells (NSCs) with(More)