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Postmortem brain studies have shown deficits in the cortical gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) system in schizophrenic individuals. Expression studies have shown a decrease in the major GABA-synthesizing enzyme (glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD67) mRNA levels in neurons in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in schizophrenics relative to controls. In the present(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) of synaptic transmission is under intense investigation. It is believed that the mechanisms involved in its induction and expression are critically involved in synaptic processes that are important for learning and memory and other physiological functions. A reliable means of inducing LTP in dissociated cultured neurones would(More)
Neural stem cells (NSCs) play an essential role in both the developing embryonic nervous system through to adulthood where the capacity for self-renewal may be important for normal function of the CNS, such as in learning, memory and response to injury. There has been much excitement about the possibility of transplantation of NSCs to replace damaged or(More)
BACKGROUND "Silent" aspiration was recognized to be a more frequent complication at this hospital in patients who have had coronary artery bypass grafting than in the general surgical population. METHODS A case-control retrospective study covering a 4.5-year period was conducted to determine risk factors for pharyngeal dysfunction resulting in silent(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins such as BMP4 are essential for proper development of telencephalic forebrain structures and induce differentiation of telencephalic neural stem cells into a variety of cellular fates, including astrocytic, neuronal, and mesenchymal cells. Little is yet understood regarding the mechanisms that underlie the spatiotemporal(More)
The Notch receptor is essential for neural stem cell (NSC) characteristics. Relatively high concentrations (micromolar) of methylmercury (MeHg) activate Notch signalling in Drosophila cell lines; however, exposure of MeHg at such concentrations is rare, and the implications for mammalian cells are unclear. We have shown that MeHg at a nanomolar range(More)
Stem cell therapy holds great promises in medical treatment by, e.g., replacing lost cells, re-constitute healthy cell populations and also in the use of stem cells as vehicles for factor and gene delivery. Embryonic stem cells have rightfully attracted a large interest due to their proven capacity of differentiating into any cell type in the embryo in(More)
Glutamatergic synapses are the primary source of excitatory transmission in the central nervous system (CNS), and their formation is critical in the establishment of neuronal connections. The refinement of these connections occurs during development and also it is postulated during learning and memory. Recent progress in understanding the molecular(More)