Joshua J. Sims

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Linkage-specific polyubiquitin recognition is thought to make possible the diverse set of functional outcomes associated with ubiquitination. Thus far, mechanistic insight into this selectivity has been largely limited to single domains that preferentially bind to lysine 48-linked polyubiquitin (K48-polyUb) in isolation. Here, we propose a mechanism,(More)
The quorum-sensing disrupter (5Z)-4-bromo-5-(bromomethylene)-3-butyl-2(5H)-furanone (furanone) of the alga Delisea pulchra was found to inhibit the swarming motility of Escherichia coli completely at 13 microg cm-2 (also at 20 microg ml-1) but did not inhibit its growth rate at 13-52 microg cm-2 or from 20 to 100 microg ml-1. Swimming was not inhibited by(More)
Apoptosis is a highly regulated form of cell death that controls normal homeostasis as well as the antitumor activity of many chemotherapeutic agents. Commitment to death via the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway requires activation of the mitochondrial pore-forming proteins BAK or BAX. Activation can be effected by the activator BH3-only proteins BID or BIM,(More)
Alleles of avirulence gene D (avrD) specify the production by bacteria of syringolides that elicit the hypersensitive response in soybean (Glycine max) plants carrying the disease-resistance gene Rpg4, but not rpg4 plants. Syringolide 1 caused extracellular alkalization, K+ efflux, and Ca2+ influx about 30 min after addition to suspension-cultured cells of(More)
5 polyhalogenated hydrocarbon natural products isolated from the marine red alga Plocamium spp. were tested for mutagenicity in the Ames reversion assay. All 5 of the compounds induced revertants in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA100 and TA1535, indicating the mutational events involved base substitutions. One of the compounds, designated cross-conjugated(More)
AIMS (5Z)-4-Bromo-5-(bromomethylene)-3-butyl-2(5H)-furanone(furanone) of the marine alga Delisea pulchra was synthesized, and its inhibition of swarming motility and biofilm formation of Bacillus subtilis was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS Furanone was found to inhibit both the growth of B. subtilis and its swarming motility in a(More)
Syringolides are glycolipid elicitors produced by Gram-negative bacteria expressing Pseudomonas syringae avirulence gene D. The syringolides mediate gene-for-gene complementarity, inducing the hypersensitive response only in soybean plants carrying the Rpg4 disease resistance gene. A site(s) for 125I-syringolide 1 was detected in the soluble protein(More)
Ubiquitin (denoted Ub) receptor proteins as a group must contain a diverse set of binding specificities to distinguish the many forms of polyubiquitin (polyUb) signals. Previous studies suggested that the large class of ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domains contains members with intrinsic specificity for Lys63-linked polyUb or Lys48-linked polyUb, thus(More)
Syringolides are water-soluble, low-molecular-weight elicitors that trigger defense responses in soybean cultivars carrying the Rpg4 disease-resistance gene but not in rpg4 cultivars. 125I-syringolide 1 previously was shown to bind to a soluble protein(s) in extracts from soybean leaves. A 34-kDa protein that accounted for 125I-syringolide 1 binding(More)
Polyubiquitin chain topology is thought to direct modified substrates to specific fates, but this function-topology relationship is poorly understood, as are the dynamics and subcellular locations of specific polyubiquitin signals. Experimental access to these questions has been limited because linkage-specific inhibitors and in vivo sensors have been(More)