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Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a neurologically debilitating disease that culminates in death 14 to 16 months after diagnosis. An incomplete understanding of how cataloged genetic aberrations promote therapy resistance, combined with ineffective drug delivery to the central nervous system, has rendered GBM incurable. Functional genomics efforts have(More)
A historical perspective of the development of spherical nucleic acid (SNA) conjugates and other three-dimensional nucleic acid nanostructures is provided. This Perspective details the synthetic methods for preparing them, followed by a discussion of their unique properties and theoretical and experimental models for understanding them. Important examples(More)
We have utilized the copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne reaction to form a dense monolayer of oligonucleotides on a superparamagnetic nanoparticle core. These particles exhibit the canonical properties of materials densely functionalized with DNA, which can be controlled by modulating the density of oligonucleotides on the surface of the particles. Furthermore,(More)
It is now well-known that the size, shape, and composition of nanomaterials can dramatically affect their physical and chemical properties, and that technologies based on nanoscale materials have the potential to revolutionize fields ranging from catalysis to medicine. Among these materials, anisotropic particles are particularly interesting because the(More)
Polyvalent oligonucleotide-nanoparticle conjugates possess several unique emergent properties, including enhanced cellular uptake, high antisense bioactivity, and nuclease resistance, which hypothetically originate from the dense packing and orientation of oligonucleotides on the surface of the nanoparticle. In this Communication, we describe a new class of(More)
Crystalline nanoparticle arrays and superlattices with well-defined geometries can be synthesized by using appropriate electrostatic, hydrogen-bonding or biological recognition interactions. Although superlattices with many distinct geometries can be produced using these approaches, the library of achievable lattices could be increased by developing a(More)
In the assembly and crystallization of nanoparticles into ordered lattices, DNA is a powerful structure-directing ligand because its programmability allows for a priori control over the lattice symmetries and lattice constants of the nanoparticle superstructures. [ 1–8 ] Practically, however, characterization and processing of superlattices made from(More)
A novel method for synthesizing polymer nanopods from a linear polymer bearing pendant propargyl ether groups, using gold nanoparticles as both the template and the catalyst for the cross-linking reaction, is reported. The transformations involved in the cross-linking process are unprecedented on the surface of a gold particle. A tentative cross-linking(More)