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A dramatic and specific induction of c-fos was observed in identifiable neuronal populations in vivo after administration of the convulsant Metrazole. This effect was time- and dose-dependent and was abolished by prior treatment with the anticonvulsant drugs diazepam or pentobarbital. About 60 minutes after administration of Metrazole, c-fos messenger RNA(More)
Administration of convulsant doses of Metrazole (pentylenetetrazol) and picrotoxin, as well as maximal electroshock, results in a rapid but transient increase in c-fos mRNA in mouse brain. Elevation of c-fos mRNA is followed by the accumulation and subsequent disappearance of Fos, the protein encoded by c-fos. In addition, immunoblots reveal the induction(More)
The laminar distribution of tyrosine hydroxylase activity, dopamine and norepinephrine was determined in the dog olfactory bulb. The levels of tyrosine hydroxylase activity and dopamine were highest in the glomerular layer, whereas norepinephrine appeared to be more uniformly distributed across the layers. A similar distribution was observed within the(More)
Immunochemical and immunohistochemical techniques were used to map the tissue distribution and cellular localization of a rat brain-specific polypeptide, termed PEP-19. PEP-19 was found to be abundant in the cerebellum and olfactory bulbs but was present at much lower levels in other gross brain regions. It was undetectable in all nonneural tissues examined(More)
Thymosin beta 4, recently isolated from calf thymus, is present in a number of rat and mouse tissues, including spleen, thymus, brain, lung, liver, and heart muscle. High concentrations are found in peritoneal macrophages, suggesting that its occurrence in other tissues may be related to the presence of macrophages or macrophage-like cells in these tissues.(More)
Thymosin beta 4 antibodies have been raised in rabbits by conjugating the peptide to keyhole limpet hemocyanin, and a radioimmunoassay for thymosin beta 4 has been established utilizing tritiated thymosin beta 4 as binding ligand. RIA values for thymosin beta 4 in rat tissues reveal levels ranging between 8 and 448 micrograms/g wet weight. Highest levels(More)
Immunization of BALB/c mice with rat olfactory epithelium permitted the production of a number of monoclonal antibodies directed towards cell types within the tissue. One of these antibodies, designated SUS-1, reacts specifically with cells located at the luminal surface of the olfactory neuroepithelium which possess a characteristic wine-glass body and a(More)
Using a specific and sensitive radioimmunoassay, naloxone concentrations in the brains and sera of rats were measured at intervals for four hours following iv injection (5 mg/kg). Decrement curves of naloxone were compared with those after iv injection of morphine (5 mg/kg). Serum concentration of naloxone at 5 minutes was 1.45 +/- 0.1 mug/ml (mean +/- SE)(More)
By comparing the HPLC elution profiles of peptides isolated from different brain regions, two cerebellum-specific species have been identified. The peptides were isolated by sequential chromatography on reverse phase, followed by ion-pairing HPLC using alkane sulfates as pairing reagents. The sequences of both peptides have been determined by gasphase Edman(More)
Understanding of the pharmacology of the narcotic antagonist naloxone has been limited by the lack of a convenient and sensitive method of assay. A radioimmunoassay for naloxone has been developed and is described. It is applicable for drug analysis in either serum or brain. The limit of sensitivity of the assay was 0.1 ng. Naloxone glucuronide,(More)