Joshua H Baker

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The medial belly of the gastrocnemius and the extensor digitorum longus muscles of rats were tenotomized. One day following tenotomy, the mean sarcomere length of the fast medial gastrocnemius was 1.8 microns, a value comparable to that of tenotomized slow soleus. The mean sarcomere length of the tenotomized extensor digitorum longus, however, was 2.0(More)
This study determined the morphological changes and adaptations that occur following immobilization of rat soleus and gastrocnemius muscles when the ankle joint is placed in complete plantar flexion for 2, 5, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days by means of plaster casts. Previous studies of such shortened muscles have shown that the number of sarcomeres in series is(More)
Two brain regions - the basomedial hypothalamus and area postrema (AP) - react to changes in circulating glucose levels by altering feeding behavior and the secretion of pituitary and non-pituitary hormones. The precise identity of cells responding to glucose in these regions is uncertain. The recent detection of high-capacity glucose transporter proteins(More)
Gomori-positive (GP) astrocytes are a subset of brain astrocytes with highly stained cytoplasmic granules that arise from the degradation of mitochondria. The GP granules of these astrocytes are most prominent in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus, but can also be detected in the olfactory bulbs, hippocampus, habenula, and other selected brain regions.(More)
Inflammation has been suggested as a potential pathway by which insomnia and short sleep can affect risk of morbidity in adults. However, few studies have examined the association of insomnia with inflammation in adolescents, despite accumulating evidence that pathophysiologic changes may already occur during this critical developmental period. The present(More)
Specialized astrocytes, identified by cytoplasmic granules that are electron-dense and vividly stained by toluidine blue due to the presence in the granules of SH molecules and molecules of iron, have long been known to be present within the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus. Their function, however, is obscure. To determine whether or not these(More)
The effect of tenotomy (cutting of distal and proximal tendons) on the spindles in soleus muscle of adult rats was examined by light and electron microscopy in tissue obtained 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 14 days after surgery. Degenerative changes in the spindles progressed with time; also, the degree of alteration observed in a spindle varied with its(More)