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BACKGROUND Rapid reversal of vitamin K antagonist (VKA)-induced anticoagulation is often necessary for patients needing urgent surgical or invasive procedures. The optimum means of VKA reversal has not been established in comparative clinical trials. We compared the efficacy and safety of four-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (4F-PCC) with that of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Anticoagulation-related intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is often fatal, and rapid reversal of anticoagulation is the most appealing strategy currently available for treatment. We sought to determine whether particular emergency department (ED) interventions are effective in reversing coagulopathy and improving outcome. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Patients experiencing major bleeding while taking vitamin K antagonists require rapid vitamin K antagonist reversal. We performed a prospective clinical trial to compare nonactivated 4-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (4F-PCC) with plasma for urgent vitamin K antagonist reversal. METHODS AND RESULTS In this phase IIIb, multicenter,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The presence of active contrast extravasation (the spot sign) on computed tomography (CT) angiography has been recognized as a predictor of hematoma expansion in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. We aim to systematically characterize the spot sign to identify features that are most predictive of hematoma expansion and construct(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) presenting within 3 hours of symptom onset are known to be at increased risk of expansion. However, only a minority arrive within this time frame. Therefore, alternative markers for expansion risk are needed. OBJECTIVE To examine whether contrast extravasation on CT angiography (CTA) at(More)
IMPORTANCE Many clinical trials focus on restricting hematoma expansion following acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), but selecting those patients at highest risk of hematoma expansion is challenging. OBJECTIVE To develop a prediction score for hematoma expansion in patients with primary ICH. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Prospective cohort study(More)
Omeprazole, a widely used and potent gastric proton pump inhibitor, induces cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2 in humans. Induction is most pronounced in slow metabolizers of S-mephenytoin because CYP2C19 (S-mephenytoin hydroxylase) is responsible for the elimination of omeprazole. Acetaminophen (INN, paracetamol), a widely used and effective analgesic and(More)
To report the authors' experience with diagnosis and management of Dravet syndrome, or severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy, in the era of commercially available genetic testing, the authors performed a retrospective study of 16 patients diagnosed with Dravet syndrome at a tertiary care pediatric epilepsy center. They analyzed their clinical presentation,(More)
OBJECTIVES Acute respiratory distress syndrome develops commonly in critically ill patients in response to an injurious stimulus. The prevalence and risk factors for development of acute respiratory distress syndrome after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage have not been reported. We sought to determine the prevalence of acute respiratory distress(More)
With too few exceptions, quantitative international relations is the study of annual , quarterly, or sometimes monthly observations of the international system+ Interactions among nations, in contrast, take place on a day-today basis: When the Palestinians launch a mortar attack into Israel, the Israeli army does not wait until the end of the calendar year(More)