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An observational study was carried out, using data collected from four areas in the Irish midlands, between 1989 and 2004, to critically evaluate the long-term effects of proactive badger culling and to provide insights into reactive badger culling tuberculosis (TB) prevalence in cattle. Confirmed cattle herd TB incidence is the outcome measure used(More)
The proximity of farms to badger setts was compared between farms that had experienced a tuberculosis breakdown and those that had not, over the 6 year period from 1988 to 1993. The data were derived from a badger removal study conducted in East Offaly County in the Republic of Ireland. Badger removal began in 1989 and continued through 1993; by the end of(More)
The risk of a trade restriction to cattle herds between 1990-1994, as a result of failing the tuberculin skin test or disclosure of visible lesions in the abattoir, was compared in two areas in East Offaly, Ireland. Cattle herds from the Project area where badgers were systematically removed over a 7-year period (1989-1995) were compared to herds from a(More)
Organotypic models may provide mechanistic insight into colorectal cancer (CRC) morphology. Three-dimensional (3D) colorectal gland formation is regulated by phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) coupling of cell division cycle 42 (cdc42) to atypical protein kinase C (aPKC). This study investigated PTEN phosphatase-dependent and(More)
The risk of a confirmed tuberculous herd restriction was examined using a logistic model for herds involved in the East Offaly Badger Research Project, Ireland, from 1988-1995. Cattle herds present in the badger-removal area had a significantly lower proportion of new confirmed tuberculous herd restrictions compared with cattle from an area where no(More)
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