Joshua E. Schroeder

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Over the last decades, the medical world has advanced dramatically in the understanding of fracture repair. The three components needed for fracture healing are osteoconduction, osteoinduction and osteogenesis. With newly designed scaffolds, ex vivo produced growth factors and isolated stem cells, most of the challenges of critical size bone defects have(More)
Trauma, the number one cause of death until the fourth decade of life, causes an inflammatory response. This response in its extreme is associated with the development of the systemic inflammatory state, adult respiratory distress syndrome, multi-organ failure, and death. The inflammatory response is mediated via multiple pathways- the(More)
BACKGROUND Specialty selection by medical students determines the future composition of the physician workforce. Selection of career specialties begins in earnest during the clinical rotations with exposure to the clinical and intellectual environments of various specialties. Career specialty selection is followed by choosing a residency program. This is(More)
BACKGROUND The common practice for insertion of distal locking screws of intramedullary nails is a freehand technique under fluoroscopic control. The process is technically demanding, time-consuming and afflicted to considerable radiation exposure of the patient and the surgical personnel. A new concept is introduced utilizing information from within(More)
A new class of nanogel demonstrates modular biodistribution and affinity for bone. Nanogels, ∼70 nm in diameter and synthesized via an astoichiometric click-chemistry in-emulsion method, controllably display residual, free clickable functional groups. Functionalization with a bisphosphonate ligand results in significant binding to bone on the inner walls of(More)
Study Design Systematic review. Study Rationale Neck pain is a prevalent condition. Spinal manipulation and mobilization procedures are becoming an accepted treatment for neck pain. However, data on the effectiveness of these treatments have not been summarized. Objective To compare manipulation or mobilization of the cervical spine to physical therapy or(More)
Study Design Retrospective cohort study with a cross-sectional comparison. Objective To compare the rates of anesthesia prescription and satisfaction with surgery, prevalence and severity of low back pain, prevalence of depression, and sexual dysfunction among pregnant and nonpregnant patients with AIS undergoing correction surgery with pedicle-based(More)
STUDY DESIGN  A retrospective cohort of 68 patients who underwent insertion of the DIAM (Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Switzerland) interspinous device (ISD) during 2006-2008 at one medical center. OBJECTIVES  To assess the short- and intermediate-term outcomes and complications associated with ISD. METHODS  Evaluation of files and all patients who underwent(More)
STUDY DESIGN Prospective patient series. OBJECTIVE To evaluate outcome of children experiencing severe osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) with thoracic insufficiency syndrome (TIS), who were treated with a novel expandable spinothoracic fixation device. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Current treatment options for TIS in patients with OI are limited. As in other(More)
Distal tibial fractures tend towards delayed- or nonunion. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of early minimally invasive intervention (MII) in the treatment of these fractures. A total 24 consecutive patients who underwent operative treatment for distal tibial fractures were randomized into a control and an intervention(More)