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Adaptations in microdialysis probe designs have made it possible to obtain samples from the extracellular fluid of a variety of tissues with high temporal resolution. The resulting small volume samples, often with low concentration of the analyte(s) of interest, present a particular challenge to the analytical system. Rapid separations can be coupled(More)
This method for estimating clinically important amino acids in serum or urine within 40 min involves o-phthalaldehyde/2-mercaptoethanol derivatization and reversed-phase "high-pressure" liquid chromatography. Homocysteic acid is an internal standard, and homoserine and norvaline are reference peaks. For all the amino acids estimated, the between-run(More)
Substance P (SP) has been associated with pain and depression as well as neurodegenerative diseases. Many of these diverse actions of SP can potentially be attributed to SP metabolites generated at the blood-brain barrier (BBB). In this study, the metabolism of SP was investigated using an in vitro model of the BBB and LC-MS/MS. Substance P metabolism was(More)
This review provides an overview of membrane sampling techniques, microdialysis and ultrafiltration, and cites illustrations of their applications in pharmacokinetics, metabolism and/or pharmacodynamics. The review organizes applications by target tissue and general type of information gleaned. It focuses on recently published microdialysis studies (1999 to(More)
Experience is reported with 41 patients taking perhexiline maleate for angina pectoris for periods of up to 70 months, while serum concentrations of the drug were monitored, and liver function tests and electromyographic tests were made before and during treatment. Severe side effects did not occur unless serum perhexiline levels were greater than 1.5 mg/L.(More)
The use of a new configuration to control the automated sequential trace enrichment of dialysate (ASTED) system has been used to estimate 1-(beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)-5-(1-propynyl)uracil and its metabolite 5-propynyluracil in urine. The system employs "heart-cutting" as a means to improve the efficiency of sample preparation and reduce analysis time. Using(More)
The development of the ASTED (automated sequential trace enrichment of dialysates) system to prepare plasma samples prior to high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) of sildenafil and its demethylated metabolite (UK-103,320) is described. Investigations to elucidate potential pitfalls of the ASTED on-line sample preparation system prior to separation(More)
The metabolism of substance P (SP) was investigated in rat striatum using in vivo microdialysis. Substance P was perfused for 5 h at 0.2 microl/min, and its metabolism was followed for over 13 h. The resulting samples were derivatized precolumn with naphthalene-2,3-dicarboxaldehyde (NDA)/cyanide, separated and detected by cyclodextrin-modified(More)