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Between 1960 and 1979 528 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms presented to the university department of surgery. Of these, 222 (42%) were elective cases, 72 acute (14%), 174 had ruptured (33%), and four had had a spontaneous aortoduodenal fistula (1%). In all these patients resections were undertaken, but in another 56 patients (11%) the aneurysm was(More)
A survey of 108 patients with achalasia treated by cardiomyotomy is reported. All the operations were done by the abdominal approach and all the patients were followed up for a minimum of 4 years. Fifty-five patients had some form of hiatal reconstruction, 11 of these having a formal plastic repair as practised for oesophageal reflux problems. At 4 years(More)
A trial of antibiotic prophylaxis with cephazolin against postoperative wound sepsis was carried out on 201 patients undergoing routine cholecystectomy. Wound sepsis occurred in 11 out of 65 controls (16.9%), who were not given the drug; two out of 63 patients (3.2%) given a single dose preoperatively; and four out of 73 patients (5.5%) given the single(More)
BACKGROUND Based on empirical evidence, a personal history of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) has been hypothesized to be a risk factor for other cancers. Others hypothesize that NMSC may be a marker of high cutaneous vitamin D synthesis and therefore inversely associated with risk of other malignancies. To reconcile these divergent views, we carried out a(More)
Aneurysm contents were cultured in 275 patients out of a series of 546 cases undergoing infrarenal aortic aneurysm repair between 1961 and 1981. The incidence of positive cultures was 8 per cent. Cultures were more likely to be positive if taken from ruptured (16.7 per cent) and acute (9.1 per cent) aneurysms than from elective (4.2 per cent) cases (X2 =(More)
Acute gastrointestinal complications developed in 31 of 472 patients following aortic aneurysmectomy (6.6 per cent). In order of frequency these were: ischaemic intestine in nine patients, mechanical or paralytic ileus in eight patients, peptic ulceration in seven patients, undiagnosed gastrointestinal bleeding in five patients and paraprosthetic fistula in(More)
A review of 198 ruptured aortic aneurysms has been undertaken, this being 36.3 per cent of all the aneurysms treated during the period 1960-81. The overall mortality rate was 42.9 per cent. The peroperative mortality was 6.6 per cent and the mortality of the patients who survived the operation was 38.9 per cent. Factors which influenced postoperative(More)