• Publications
  • Influence
SoK: Research Perspectives and Challenges for Bitcoin and Cryptocurrencies
TLDR
We provide the first systematic exposition Bit coin and the many related crypto currencies or 'altcoins.' Drawing from a scattered body of knowledge, we identify three key components of Bit coin's design that can be decoupled. Expand
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The Economics of Bitcoin Mining, or Bitcoin in the Presence of Adversaries
The Bitcoin digital currency depends for its correctness and stability on a combination of cryptography, distributed algorithms, and incentivedriven behavior. We examine Bitcoin as a consensus gameExpand
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Mixcoin: Anonymity for Bitcoin with Accountable Mixes
TLDR
We propose Mixcoin, a protocol to facilitate anonymous payments in Bitcoin and similar cryptocurrencies. Expand
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Why buy when you can rent ? Bribery attacks on Bitcoin consensus
The Bitcoin cryptocurrency system relies on a novel distributed consensus mechanism relying on economic incentives. It is often argued that Bitcoin is “incentive-compatible” in simplified models;Expand
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Securing Bitcoin wallets via threshold signatures
The Bitcoin ecosystem has suffered frequent thefts and losses affecting both businesses and individuals. The insider threat faced by a business is particularly serious. Due to the irreversibility,Expand
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Network Hygiene, Incentives, and Regulation: Deployment of Source Address Validation in the Internet
TLDR
We show that routers performing Network Address Translation do not always filter spoofed packets, as 6.4% of IPv4/24 tested in the year ending August 2019 did not filter. Expand
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Portable Software Fault Isolation
TLDR
We present a new technique for architecture portable software fault isolation (SFI), together with a prototype implementation in the Coq proof assistant. Expand
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Trust But Verify: A Guide to Algorithms and the Law
TLDR
The call for algorithmic transparency as a way to manage the power of new data-driven decision-making techniques misunderstands the nature of the processes at issue and underlying technology. Expand
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The fallacy of inscrutability
  • Joshua A. Kroll
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A…
  • 28 November 2018
Contrary to the criticism that mysterious, unaccountable black-box software systems threaten to make the logic of critical decisions inscrutable, we argue that algorithms are fundamentallyExpand
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On Decentralizing Prediction Markets and Order Books
We propose techniques for decentralizing prediction markets and order books, utilizing Bitcoin’s security model and consensus mechanism. Decentralization of prediction markets offers several keyExpand
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