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BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies have found lower than expected prevalence of psychiatric disorders among disadvantaged race-ethnic minority groups in the USA. Recent research shows that this is due entirely to reduced lifetime risk of disorders, as opposed to persistence. Specification of race-ethnic differences with respect to clinical and social(More)
BACKGROUND Recent research in the United States has demonstrated striking health disparities across ethnic groups. Despite a longstanding interest in ethnic disadvantage in psychiatric epidemiology, patterns of psychiatric morbidity across ethnic groups have never been examined in a nationally representative sample. METHOD Ethnic differences in(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of the impact of mental disorders on educational attainment are rare in both high-income and low- and middle-income (LAMI) countries. AIMS To examine the association between early-onset mental disorder and subsequent termination of education. METHOD Sixteen countries taking part in the World Health Organization World Mental Health(More)
BACKGROUND Risk for mood and anxiety disorders associated with US-nativity may vary across immigrant groups. METHOD Using data from the National Epidemiological Study of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), we examined the association of lifetime risk for mood and anxiety disorders with US-nativity and age at immigration across seven subgroups of the(More)
BACKGROUND To identify sources of race/ethnic differences related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), we compared trauma exposure, risk for PTSD among those exposed to trauma, and treatment-seeking among Whites, Blacks, Hispanics and Asians in the US general population. METHOD Data from structured diagnostic interviews with 34 653 adult respondents(More)
Although previous research has consistently documented that immigrants to the United States have better mental health than US natives, little is known about why this difference occurs. DSM-IV anxiety, mood, impulse control, and substance use disorders were assessed in a nationally representative survey of the US household population, the National(More)
As part of a larger investigation of the adverse effects of mental disorders on role functioning, we examined the associations of early-onset mental disorders with subsequent educational attainment in a large nationally representative survey of the US adult population. Diagnoses and age of onset for each of 17 DSM-IV disorders were assessed through(More)
A potential explanation for the finding that disadvantaged minority status is associated with a lower lifetime risk for depression is that individuals from minority ethnic groups may be less likely to endorse survey questions about depression even when they have the same level of depression. We examine this possibility using a nonparametric item response(More)
OBJECTIVE Estimate predictive associations of mental disorders with marriage and divorce in a cross-national sample. METHOD Population surveys of mental disorders included assessment of age at first marriage in 19 countries (n = 46,128) and age at first divorce in a subset of 12 countries (n = 30,729). Associations between mental disorders and subsequent(More)
CONTEXT Migration is suspected to increase risk for depressive and anxiety disorders. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesized increase in risk for depressive and anxiety disorders after arrival in the United States among Mexican migrants. DESIGN We combined data from surveys conducted separately in Mexico and the United States that used the same diagnostic(More)