Joshua A. Breslau

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BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies have found lower than expected prevalence of psychiatric disorders among disadvantaged race-ethnic minority groups in the USA. Recent research shows that this is due entirely to reduced lifetime risk of disorders, as opposed to persistence. Specification of race-ethnic differences with respect to clinical and social(More)
BACKGROUND To identify sources of race/ethnic differences related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), we compared trauma exposure, risk for PTSD among those exposed to trauma, and treatment-seeking among Whites, Blacks, Hispanics and Asians in the US general population. METHOD Data from structured diagnostic interviews with 34 653 adult respondents(More)
BACKGROUND Recent research in the United States has demonstrated striking health disparities across ethnic groups. Despite a longstanding interest in ethnic disadvantage in psychiatric epidemiology, patterns of psychiatric morbidity across ethnic groups have never been examined in a nationally representative sample. METHOD Ethnic differences in(More)
BACKGROUND Risk for mood and anxiety disorders associated with US-nativity may vary across immigrant groups. METHOD Using data from the National Epidemiological Study of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), we examined the association of lifetime risk for mood and anxiety disorders with US-nativity and age at immigration across seven subgroups of the(More)
As part of a larger investigation of the adverse effects of mental disorders on role functioning, we examined the associations of early-onset mental disorders with subsequent educational attainment in a large nationally representative survey of the US adult population. Diagnoses and age of onset for each of 17 DSM-IV disorders were assessed through(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of the impact of mental disorders on educational attainment are rare in both high-income and low- and middle-income (LAMI) countries. AIMS To examine the association between early-onset mental disorder and subsequent termination of education. METHOD Sixteen countries taking part in the World Health Organization World Mental Health(More)
We examined the joint predictive effects of childhood and adolescent onset psychiatric and substance use disorders on failure to graduate high school (HS) on time. Structured diagnostic interviews were conducted with a US national sample of adults (18 and over). The analysis sample included respondents with at least 8 years of education who were born in the(More)
BACKGROUND Previous research has indicated that childhood behavioral disturbances predict lower scores on academic tests and curtail educational attainment. It is unknown which types of childhood behavioral problems are most likely to predict these outcomes. METHODS An ethnically diverse cohort was assessed at 6 years of age for behavioral problems and IQ(More)
Although previous research has consistently documented that immigrants to the United States have better mental health than US natives, little is known about why this difference occurs. DSM-IV anxiety, mood, impulse control, and substance use disorders were assessed in a nationally representative survey of the US household population, the National(More)
OBJECTIVE Estimate predictive associations of mental disorders with marriage and divorce in a cross-national sample. METHOD Population surveys of mental disorders included assessment of age at first marriage in 19 countries (n = 46,128) and age at first divorce in a subset of 12 countries (n = 30,729). Associations between mental disorders and subsequent(More)