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Quinpirole hydrochloride, a putative dopamine agonist, was investigated in animal models of central dopaminergic activity, to evaluate its possible role in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. The drug induced stereotyped sniffing in rats but, unlike apomorphine, did not produce a maximal behavioural response (stereotyped gnawing). Pretreatment with(More)
The inflammatory response is modulated through interactions among the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems. Intercommunication between immune cells and the autonomic nervous system is a growing area of interest. Spatial and temporal information about inflammatory processes is relayed to the central nervous system (CNS) where neuroimmune modulation serves(More)
The present report demonstrates the existence of a marked sexual difference in the volume of an intensely staining cellular component of the medial preoptic nucleus (MPON) of the rat. Moreover, this sexual dimorphism is shown to be independent of several specific hormonal conditions in the adult, but significantly influenced, perhaps determined, by the(More)
Previous data have indicated that estrogen may either suppress or enhance the potency of dopamine and/or dopamine agonists. The effects of estrogen (estradiol benzoate; EB) in ovariectomized rats were indicative of a dose related suppression of apomorphine-induced stereotypy at 24 hours after the last dose of EB. HOwever, at 48 hours after the last dose of(More)
The administration of pharmacologic doses of estrogen results in a biphasic response in striatal dopamine sensitivity, as measured by apomorphine-induced stereotypy. At 24 hr after the last dose of estradiol benzoate (EB) there is a suppression of apomorphine-induced stereotypy, which is followed by an increased sensitivity to apomorphine at 48 hr. The(More)
The withdrawal from chronic haloperidol or estradiol benzoate (EB) treatment results in a behavioral supersensitivity to dopamine agonists in ovariectomized rats. On the other hand, the administration of EB during the withdrawal from haloperidol or the continuous treatment with EB will attenuate or prevent the development of a supersensitivity to dopamine(More)
In the present study, we have confirmed the existence of a biphasic response in striatal dopamine receptor sensitivity following the administration of estradiol benzoate (EB). This biphasic response consists of a hyposensitive phase 24 h after the last injection of EB, followed by a hypersensitive phase 72 h after the last injection of EB. In contrast to(More)
Although a permanent supersensitivity to dopamine agonists can be induced by lesions of the nigrostriatal dopamine tract, the ovariectomized rat is the first animal model of a permanent hypersensitivity to dopamine agonists in which the neurons survive. This permanent behavioral hypersensitivity to direct acting dopamine agonists is accompanied by an(More)
Timed-pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intraperitonealy with Kepone dissolved in sesame oil on alternate days beginning on day 18 of gestation and extending through day 7 of lactation with doses of 10 or 5 mg/kg. At 7 days of age the neurologic development of the pups was assessed using the following tests: day of eye opening, occurrence of(More)