Josh Whitford

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The blurring of organizational boundaries and the adoption of networks as a prominent form of governance have largely contributed to reinforcing interdependence between internal and external organizational networks as well as between formal and informal ties. This chapter tries to broaden existing theoretical models in order to explain the behavioral(More)
The article presents an extensive critical review of recent debates on the restructuring of Italian industrial districts in the 1990s. It shows that, despite consensus on the empirical ‘facts’ of district restructuring, there remains extensive disagreement over appropriate public policies. This debate fundamentally turns on analysts’ interpretations of how,(More)
The rules of engagement in the global economy and the fragmentation of mass markets have led many manufacturing companies to close down operations in the U.S. Those that survive have done so by focusing on their core competencies in design, marketing, and assembly, subcontracting the manufacture of components to smaller contractors, many still in the U.S.(More)
This article develops and defends a theory of "network failure" analogous to more familiar theories of organizational and market failure already prevalent in the litera ture on economic governance. It theorizes those failures not as the simple absence of network governance, hut rather as a situation in which transactional conditions for network desirability(More)
An increased emphasis on the role of innovation as a primary driver of economic growth in contemporary knowledge-based economies has put the politics of innovation processes on the front burner. But just what exactly one thinks should be done depends crucially on the theory of innovation that is adopted. In this contribution, we explore how a view of(More)
Even as rational choice theory is increasingly used in sociology, ¢nding its way into such diverse subdisciplines as the sociology of the family, religion, gender, crime, race, strati¢cation, and economic sociology, it remains hotly contested. It has spurred a rancorous debate that, at its worst, ‘‘degenerates into a caricatured contrast between a cold and(More)
In the fall of 2002, Italy’s one truly giant industrial company fell into the deepest crisis in its troubled history. Faltering under an enormous debt load and rapidly falling market share, Fiat Auto announced mass layoffs and the closure of 18 plants worldwide, including two in Italy. In Turin, the automaker’s historic home, the news was particularly(More)
In this article, we review recent developments in the extensive literature on territorially embedded production systems in the developed world, with a particular eye towards changes that have (or have not) occurred over the last decade. Improvements in transportation and communication technologies and the advent of global production networks have put newly(More)