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Multidetector computed tomography (CT) is an excellent way to supplement the radiographic evaluation of problematic hip prostheses. Multidetector CT is well suited for assessing periprosthetic bone, determining precise acetabular cup position, and evaluating periprosthetic fluid collections or ossified masses. Metal implants pose a number of challenges in(More)
The introduction of multichannel CT scanners provides both radiologists and surgeons with a new tool to image patients with orthopedic hardware. The key parameters that have made it possible to image the implants and the surrounding bone with multichannel CT are the higher available technical factors (kVp and mAs) coupled with the ability to acquire thin(More)
The apposition of new bone to polished solid implants and to implants with surfaces that had been blasted with one of three methods of grit-blasting was studied in a rabbit intramedullary model to test the hypothesis that blasted implant surfaces support osseous integration. Intramedullary titanium-alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) plugs, press-fit into the distal aspect(More)
A study was done in rabbits to determine the effect of a hydroxyapatite and tricalcium-phosphate coating on bone growth into titanium fiber-metal implants. Titanium fiber rods with a solid titanium core were implanted bilaterally into the distal aspect of the femora of fifty-five New Zealand White rabbits. One rod was uncoated and the other rod was(More)
The long-term maintenance of a rigid bone-implant interface (osseointegration) is the clinical goal of most dental implant systems, although the biological mechanism for retaining a foreign object in living bone is unclear. Little data are available on the physiological turnover (remodeling) of the supporting osseous tissue. The objective of this study was(More)
Rigidly integrated implants offer great promise for orthodontic and orthopedic anchorage in the oral and midfacial regions. Rigid anchorage can be used to control unwanted tooth movement, provide abutments in edentulous arches, and open the vertical dimension of occlusion. To evaluate the use of endosseous implants in the midface region, two flanged(More)
Section thickness has been shown to affect the histomorphometrical measurement of bone-implant contact when analysed under brightfield microscopy. This study investigated whether microradiography of the bone-implant interface eliminated the errors associated with thick section analysis. Seven implant containing sections were utilized. Microadiographs of the(More)
Osseointegrated implants have a large potential for diverse clinical applications, including support for sutural expansion and facial prostheses. The objectives of this study were to evaluate: (1) the histomorphometric response of thin cortical bone to implant placement and (2) whether loading of the bone surrounding these implants affects osseointegration(More)
Surface replacement (SR) was introduced as a bone-conserving alternative to total hip arthroplasty (THA) 3 decades ago, then was abandoned due to polyethylene wear, stress shielding, and loosening. Improved bearing surfaces have renewed interest in SR. This study examined long-term SR outcome compared to an age- and time-matched THA cohort. Average age was(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the host-bone response to hydroxyapatite/tricalcium phosphate (HA/TCP)-coated and noncoated titanium fibermetal implants placed in a load-sharing cancellous bone environment of the distal femurs of rabbits. The influence of implantation site was also investigated by comparing these intracancellous implants with(More)