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The response of astrocytes to pharmacological alterations of the serotonin (5-HT) content of the dorsal area dentata was studied by immunocytochemistry for S100 beta. Stereological analysis revealed changes in the density of astrocytic elements in conditions of 5-HT depletion and elevated 5-HT levels. There was a direct relationship between the expression(More)
Carbonic anhydrase (CA) IV activity facilitates renal acidification by catalyzing the dehydration of luminal carbonic acid. CA IV has been localized to the proximal tubules and medullary collecting ducts. Maturation of CA IV expression has been considered to be important in the development of renal acid excretion. The purpose of the present study was to(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) support axon regeneration across artificial nerve bridges but their differentiative capacity and ability to promote nerve regeneration remains unclear. In this study, MSCs isolated from bone marrow of Sprague-Dawley rats were characterized by plastic adherence and pluripotency towards mesodermal lineages. Isolated(More)
The excitatory neurotransmitters glutamate (GLU) and aspartate (ASP) are involved in the pathogenesis of neuronal injury in meningitis. Based on past findings that the induction of moderate hypothermia (32-34 degrees C) attenuates the release of GLU in ischemic brain injury, this study was designed to detect if the application of moderate hypothermia(More)
Histological and fine structural studies of adrenal cortices were performed on male Sprague-Dawley rats which had been given intravenous injections of prostaglandin E1 or E2. It was found that there were increased numbers of intracellular lipid droplets, free ribonucleoprotein particles, cholesterol ester clefts and coated vesicles of both the small and(More)
Hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is a major regulator of the cellular adaption to low oxygen stress and the innate immune function of myeloid cells. Treatment with the novel HIF-1 stabilizing drug AKB-4924 has been shown to enhance the bactericidal activity of keratinocytes as well as phagocytic cells. In this study, we sought to investigate the effect of(More)
To determine whether or not prostaglandins enter adrenocortical parenchymal cells,3H-PGE1 was injected intravenously into rats. In histological preparations, grains denoting activity were noted in intracellular lipid droplets and nuclei and in sinusoids. At the fine structural level, activity was observed in lipid droplets, mitochondria, the agranular(More)
Humans and chimpanzees are more sensitive to endotoxin than are mice or monkeys, but any underlying differences in inflammatory physiology have not been fully described or understood. We studied innate immune responses in Cmah-/- mice, emulating human loss of the gene encoding production of Neu5Gc, a major cell surface sialic acid. CMP-N-acetylneuraminic(More)
The light and electron microscopic characteristics of the distinct eosinophilic microinvasive cell in the lower genital tract epidermoid neoplasia are described. The eosinophilic quality of the invasive cell is associated with an accumulation of contractive protein seen at the ultrastructural level. The presence of these differentiated cells near the(More)
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