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Tumor-associated antigen was found by reacting sera from two patients with giant cell tumor of bone with cells derived from their tumors, using autologous serum as intermediate reactant and fluorescein-conjugated goat anti-human IgG as final reactant. Approximately 40% of the plump, spindle-shaped cells that formed the background stroma of these tumors(More)
The cheetah in the wild is "racing towards extinction" mostly due to habitat destruction. Its survival will probably depend on accelerated captive breeding. At this time, however, reproductive failure and liver disease threaten the future of the captive cheetah population. Histopathological evaluation of more than 100 cheetah livers identified venocclusive(More)
This article presents a robust approach to navigating at high speed across desert terrain. A central theme of this approach is the combination of simple ideas and components to build a capable and robust system. A pair of robots were developed, which completed a 212 km Grand Challenge desert race in approximately 7 h. A pathcentric navigation system uses a(More)
Human choriocarcinoma trophoblast cells (JAr line) were utilized as whole cell preparations in tissue culture to evaluate the effects of mechanism-based inactivation or "suicide inhibition" of estrogen biosynthesis. A C-19 acetylenic analog (MDL 18,962) of the substrate, androstenedione, was evaluated in competitive and time-dependent assays. Product(More)
The conversion of androgens to estrogens by aromatase represents a major alteration in hormonal expression, and its regulation offers a promising method for therapeutic control of disease processes that are hormonally dependent. The design of suicide inhibitors based on enzyme-activated mechanisms provides an attractive approach for regulation of estrogen(More)
The peripheral aromatization ([rho]BM) of androstenedione (A) and testosterone (T) was measured before and after administration of the aromatase inhibitor 10-(2 propynyl)estr-4-ene-3,17-dione (MDL-18,962) to five mature female baboons, Papio annubis. The measurements were made by infusing [3H]androstenedione/[14C]estrone or [3H]testosterone/[14C]estradiol(More)
18 patients with osteogenic sarcoma were followed by serial measurements in vitro of tumor-specific cell-mediated cytotoxicity and of "active" and total rosette-forming T-cells. 13 of these patients have had or are currently receiving injections of osteogenic sarcoma-specific dialyzable transfer factor derived from healthy donors. In three patients with(More)
Liver tissues from 126 captive cheetah were evaluated by light microscopy and histochemistry; eight animals were evaluated by electron microscopy. The main hepatic lesion, a vascular lesion resembling veno-occlusive disease (VOD) of the liver and characterized by subendothelial fibrosis and proliferation of smooth muscle-like cells in the central veins, was(More)
MDL 101,731, (E)2'-fluoromethylene-2'-deoxycytidine, is an irreversible inhibitor of ribonucleotide diphosphate reductase and causes regression of human tumors in nude mouse models. Messenger RNA levels for testosterone-repressed prostatic message-2 (TRPM-2), a transcript that increases in human tumor xenografts undergoing programmed cell death, were(More)
(5 alpha, 20S)-4-Diazo-21-hydroxy-20-methylpregnan-3-one, a mechanism-based inhibitor of testosterone 5 alpha-reductase, produced pronounced and long lasting inhibition of the enzyme in the prostate and preputial glands when administered orally to rats. Administration of the inhibitor to castrate rats bearing testosterone implants produced inhibition of(More)