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BACKGROUND An estimated 116 086 facelifts were performed in 2011. Regardless of the technique employed, facial flap elevation carries with it anatomical pitfalls of which any surgeon performing these procedures should be aware. Injury to the great auricular nerve (GAN) is the most common of these injuries, occurring at a rate of 6% to 7%. OBJECTIVES We(More)
OBJECTIVE Stenosing tenosynovitis of the thumb flexor tendon sheath is also known as trigger thumb. It is an inflammatory process that involves the flexor tendon sheath at the A1 pulley. Successful percutaneous or open treatment of trigger thumb depends on the ability of the clinician to properly predict the location of the A1 pulley. Longitudinal anatomic(More)
BACKGROUND Traumatic hand amputations along a longitudinal axis are possible but, to the authors' knowledge, have not been described in the literature. To bridge the gap and repair the transected superficial palmar arch at its apex, a common digital artery can be sacrificed and turned toward the plane of the arch. An anatomical study was performed to(More)
A simple and effective method for the production of aortic incompetence in dogs is described. The instrument used in the procedure can be made easily and is robust. Controlled rupture of one or more of the three aortic valve cusps can be achieved without thoracotomy. There was no immediate operative mortality in the study and the time required to complete(More)
BACKGROUND Triggering of the thumb is a common entity resulting in pain and disability. Operative management requires accurate knowledge of the pulley system for proper release of the A1 pulley. The purpose of this study was to predict the location of the A1 pulley with surface anatomic landmarks while avoiding injury to the neurovascular bundles and the(More)
Porcine torovirus (PToV) strain PToV-NPL/2013 was identified from a pig that tested positive for porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV). The spike protein-encoding gene from PToV-NPL/2013 had 92% identity with PToV-SH1, suggesting that PToV circulating in the United States is slightly different from the isolates circulating in China. To our knowledge, this(More)
OBJECTIVE Basal joint arthritis is a common cause of pain and disability, particularly in elderly women. Corticosteroid injection with splinting provides a reliable long-term relief for patients with mild arthritis. Proper location of the basal joint with anatomic landmarks can facilitate diagnosis and treatment of basal joint arthritis while avoiding(More)
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