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Pantetheinase (EC 3.5.1.-) is an ubiquitous enzyme which in vitro has been shown to recycle pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) and to produce cysteamine, a potent anti-oxidant. We show that the Vanin-1 gene encodes pantetheinase widely expressed in mouse tissues: (1) a pantetheinase activity is specifically expressed by Vanin-1 transfectants and is(More)
The survival of central neurons depends on multiple neurotrophic factors produced by different cell types. We demonstrate that media conditioned by muscle and Schwann cell lines show strong synergistic effects on survival of purified embryonic day 14.5 rat motoneurons in culture. Different lines of evidence implicate glial cell line-derived neurotrophic(More)
Chemokines are key regulators of migration in lymphoid tissues. In the thymus, maturing thymocytes move from the outer capsule to the inner medulla and thereby interact with different types of stromal cells that control their maturation and selection. In the process of searching for molecules specifically expressed at different stages of mouse thymic(More)
Glucose-stimulated expression of the insulin gene in beta cells is mediated by the PDX-1 transcription factor. In this report, we show that stimulation results from effects on activation and DNA-binding potential. Thus, glucose specifically stimulated expression in MIN6 beta cells from chimeras of PDX-1 and the GAL4 DNA-binding domain which spanned the(More)
Ischemic and solid tumor tissues are less well perfused than normal tissue, leading to metabolic changes and chronic hypoxia, which in turn promotes angiogenesis. We identified human angiopoietin-like 4 (angptl4) as a gene with hypoxia-induced expression in endothelial cells. We showed that the levels of both mRNA and protein for ANGPTL4 increased in(More)
Angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4), a secreted protein of the angiopoietin-like family, is induced by hypoxia in both tumor and endothelial cells as well as in hypoxic perinecrotic areas of numerous cancers. Here, we investigated whether ANGPTL4 might affect tumor growth as well as metastasis. Metastatic 3LL cells were therefore xenografted into control mice and(More)
Proper vessel maturation, remodeling of endothelial junctions, and recruitment of perivascular cells is crucial for establishing and maintaining vessel functions. In proliferative retinopathies, hypoxia-induced angiogenesis is associated with disruption of the vascular barrier, edema, and vision loss. Therefore, identifying factors that regulate vascular(More)
BACKGROUND Macrophages, key regulators of healing/regeneration processes, strongly infiltrate ischemic tissues from patients suffering from critical limb ischemia (CLI). However pro-inflammatory markers correlate with disease progression and risk of amputation, suggesting that modulating macrophage activation state might be beneficial. We previously(More)
BACKGROUND The lipodystrophic syndrome (LD) is a disorder resulting from selective damage of adipose tissue by antiretroviral drugs included in therapy controlling human-immunodeficiency-virus-1. In the therapy cocktail the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) contribute to the development of this syndrome. Cellular target of NRTI was(More)
Five different 5' untranslated regions (5' UTRs) of FGF1 mRNAs were cloned in chicken. The structure of these transcripts suggests that, as in mammals, distinct 5' untranslated exons are spliced to the first coding exon via alternative splicing and alternative promoter usage. In an attempt to correlate the expression of specific transcripts to distinct(More)