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The comparison of bilateral dynamic X-rays in passive anterior and posterior drawer with a load of 9 kg. and the arthrometer KT 1000 measurements obtained from 100 patients before anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, confirms the good diagnostic efficiency of the following methods: (1) radiological measurement of the anterior translation of the medial(More)
Protein acylation processes involve the covalent attachment of acyl moieties to the alpha- and epsilon-amino groups of polypeptide chains. The N-terminal blocking of proteins occurs in a wide range of eukariotic cells, where more than 50% of the cytosolic proteins can be N-alpha-acetylated. The acetylation which occurs during or after the biosynthesis of(More)
A rapid method is proposed for isolating the two main components of human pancreatic alpha-amylase (HPA I and HPA II). The isoelectric point of HPA I (7.2), the main component, was determined using an isoelectrofocusing method and found to differ from that of HPA II (6. 6). The molecular mass of HPA I (55862+/-5 Da) and that of HPA II (55786+/-5 Da) were(More)
This is the first report of a patient with aminoacylase I deficiency. High amounts of N-acetylated amino acids were detected by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in the urine, including the derivatives of serine, glutamic acid, alanine, methionine, glycine, and smaller amounts of threonine, leucine, valine, and isoleucine. NMR spectroscopy confirmed(More)
Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) is a toxic compound essentially used as a degreasing and dry-cleaning solvent. A methanogenic and sulfate-reducing consortium that dechlorinates and mineralizes high concentrations of PCE was derived from anaerobically digested sludge obtained from a waste water treatment plant (Bourg-en-Bresse, France). A methanogenic bacterium,(More)
Acylpeptide hydrolase was purified to homogeneity from porcine intestinal mucosa using a seven-step procedure including ammonium sulfate precipitation, gel filtration as well as anion exchange and affinity chromatography. The specific activity of the enzyme reached 105000 nmol/mg protein per min and the purification was as high as 5500-fold. This tetrameric(More)
The intestinal epithelium possesses active immune functions including the production of proinflammatory cytokines and antimicrobial molecules such as nitric oxide (NO). As observed with immune cells, the production of NO by the intestinal epithelium is mainly due to the expression of the inducible NO synthase (iNOS or NOS2). Epithelial immune functions(More)
In addition to deoxynivalenol (DON), acetylated derivatives, i.e., 3-acetyl and 15-acetyldexynivalenol (or 3/15ADON), are present in cereals leading to exposure to these mycotoxins. Animal and human studies suggest that 3/15ADON are converted into DON after their ingestion through hydrolysis of the acetyl moiety, the site(s) of such deacetylation being(More)
Rat kidney acylase I was characterised by performing site-directed mutagenesis and enzymatic analysis in the presence of various chemical inhibitors. Site-directed mutagenesis on E147 and overexpression of the protein in a bacterial system, revealed the importance of this residue in enzymatic activity, it corresponds to the putative catalytic E175 in(More)