Learn More
Ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) may activate innate immunity through the engagement of TLRs by endogenous ligands. TLR4 expressed within the kidney is a potential mediator of innate activation and inflammation. Using a mouse model of kidney IRI, we demonstrated a significant increase in TLR4 expression by tubular epithelial cells (TECs) and infiltrating(More)
Sirolimus (SRL) is a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor that, in contrast to cyclosporine (CsA), has been shown to inhibit rather than promote cancers in experimental models. At 3 mo +/- 2 wk after renal transplantation, 430 of 525 enrolled patients were randomly assigned to remain on SRL-CsA-steroids (ST) or to have CsA withdrawn and SRL troughs(More)
INTRODUCTION This study evaluated whether cyclosporine (CsA) could be eliminated from a sirolimus (Rapamune, rapamycin, SRL)-CsA-steroid (ST) regimen at 3 months. METHODS This was an open-label study conducted in Europe, Australia, and Canada. Upon enrollment, 525 primary (90%) or secondary (10%) renal allograft recipients with cadaveric (89%) or living(More)
Real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is the method of choice for rapid and reproducible measurements of cytokine or growth factor expression in small samples. Fluorescence detection methods for monitoring real-time PCR include fluorogenic probes labelled with reporter and quencher dyes, such as Taqman probes or(More)
BACKGROUND Photopheresis is an immunomodulatory therapy for the treatment of T cell-mediated disorders. It has been used for rejection prophylaxis in cardiac transplantation, adjuvant treatment of bronchiolitis obliterans in lung transplantation, treatment of graft verse host disease, and in a small number of cases, for treatment of acute rejection in renal(More)
OBJECTIVE Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) plays a vital role in the oxidative metabolism of many xenobiotics. Some recent reports have provided circumstantial evidence in support of an association between a genetic polymorphism (A-->G) in the 5'-flanking region (-290) of CYP3A4 and altered enzyme activity. We sought to determine whether genotyping patients for(More)
B-cell tolerance to soluble protein self antigens such as hen egg lysozyme (HEL) is mediated by clonal anergy. Anergic B cells fail to mount antibody responses even in the presence of carrier-primed T cells, suggesting an inability to activate or respond to T helper cells. To investigate the nature of this defect, B cells from tolerant HEL/anti-HEL(More)
Two prospective, randomized studies evaluated everolimus 1.5 vs. 3 mg/day with steroids and low-exposure cyclosporine (CsA) (C2 monitoring) in de novo renal transplant patients. Everolimus dosing was adjusted to maintain a minimum trough level of 3 ng/mL. Study 1 (A2306; n=237) had no induction therapy; in Study 2 (A2307; n=256) basiliximab was administered(More)
Although Indigenous Australians represent less than 2% of the national population, they account for 8-10% of new patients commencing treatment for end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Almost half come from remote regions lacking renal disease treatment services. In those regions, their incidence of ESRD is up to 30 times the incidence for all Australians. Kidney(More)
BACKGROUND In renal transplantation, the immunosuppressive efficacy of cyclosporine is counterbalanced by its nephrotoxicity. Although cyclosporine improves short-term graft survival, its long-term effects are unclear. METHODS Recipients of first cadaver renal transplants were randomized into three groups between 1983 and 1986: azathioprine and(More)