Learn More
Ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) may activate innate immunity through the engagement of TLRs by endogenous ligands. TLR4 expressed within the kidney is a potential mediator of innate activation and inflammation. Using a mouse model of kidney IRI, we demonstrated a significant increase in TLR4 expression by tubular epithelial cells (TECs) and infiltrating(More)
INTRODUCTION This study evaluated whether cyclosporine (CsA) could be eliminated from a sirolimus (Rapamune, rapamycin, SRL)-CsA-steroid (ST) regimen at 3 months. METHODS This was an open-label study conducted in Europe, Australia, and Canada. Upon enrollment, 525 primary (90%) or secondary (10%) renal allograft recipients with cadaveric (89%) or living(More)
Sirolimus (SRL) is a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor that, in contrast to cyclosporine (CsA), has been shown to inhibit rather than promote cancers in experimental models. At 3 mo +/- 2 wk after renal transplantation, 430 of 525 enrolled patients were randomly assigned to remain on SRL-CsA-steroids (ST) or to have CsA withdrawn and SRL troughs(More)
BACKGROUND Anemia is prevalent among kidney transplant recipients and likely contributes to mortality and morbidity. Prevalence of anemia is associated strongly with degree of kidney graft dysfunction; however, it remains unclear whether additional transplant-associated factors also contribute. METHODS The aim of this study is to compare the prevalence of(More)
This was a systematic review of randomized controlled trials comparing delayed conversion of mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors (mTORi) for calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) versus CNI continuation in kidney transplantation. Databases (2000-2012) and conference abstracts (2009-2012) were searched giving a total of 29 trials. Outcomes analyzed included(More)
AIM This study aimed to elucidate the factors affecting nephrologists' decision-making on patients' suitability for kidney transplantation. Given the reduced access to transplantation for Indigenous Australians, the role of patient's ethnicity was of particular interest. METHODS A postal survey of practising nephrologists and trainees was undertaken in(More)
Real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is the method of choice for rapid and reproducible measurements of cytokine or growth factor expression in small samples. Fluorescence detection methods for monitoring real-time PCR include fluorogenic probes labelled with reporter and quencher dyes, such as Taqman probes or(More)
BACKGROUND In renal transplantation, the immunosuppressive efficacy of cyclosporine is counterbalanced by its nephrotoxicity. Although cyclosporine improves short-term graft survival, its long-term effects are unclear. METHODS Recipients of first cadaver renal transplants were randomized into three groups between 1983 and 1986: azathioprine and(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic renal allograft rejection is characterized by interstitial fibrosis and vasculopathy. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an endothelial mitogen with increased expression in inflammation and vasculopathy. METHODS Renal tissue from 17 patients with chronic rejection was examined for VEGF protein and the presence of CD(More)