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To investigate disturbances in the coronary circulation and myocardial metabolism during septic shock, we examined coronary sinus blood flow and myocardial substrate extraction in 40 patients with septic shock and 13 control patients. Patients with coronary artery disease were excluded from this study. The global hemodynamic pattern of the septic patients(More)
Sampling arterialized earlobe blood is thought to be easier and less painful than direct arterial puncture, and to allow measurement of blood gas values during exercise without the need to insert an arterial cannula. However, arterialized earlobe oxygen tension (PO2) often underestimates arterial PO2 at rest, and is not fully validated during exercise. We(More)
PURPOSE Recent observations have highlighted errors in the thermodilution technique of measuring cardiac output. Thus, cardiac output measurements using transesophageal echocardiography and the Fick method were compared with simultaneous thermodilution measurements. METHODS In 13 mechanically ventilated critically ill patients, cardiac output was(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized from l-arginine by the Ca(2+)/calmodulin-sensitive endothelial NO synthase (NOS) isoform (eNOS). The present study assesses the role of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMK II) in endothelium-dependent relaxation and NO synthesis. The effects of three CaMK II inhibitors were investigated in endothelium-intact(More)
BACKGROUND We have studied gene transfer efficiency of glycosylated polylysines and glycosylated polyethylenimines as vectors in immortalized differentiated airway gland serous cells and primary cultures of human airway surface epithelial cells. METHODS AND RESULTS In both cell types, lactosylated PEI was more efficient for gene transfer than(More)
Respiratory pressure-volume (PV) curves are commonly obtained in paralyzed patients by relating airway pressure to volume changes of a syringe (Vsyr). This is based on the implicit assumption that changes in thoracic volume (Vtho) and Vsyr are equal. We undertook to verify this assumption through simultaneous measurements of Vtho by respiratory inductive(More)
Sleep-wake states were studied following withdrawal in 36 adult male wistar alcohol-dependent rats, after chronic administration of ethanol (10 g/kg/24 h) for 13 days. In the light phase of the withdrawal day, 12 alcohol-dependent rats received muscimol (0.25 mg/kg), 12 received homotaurine (140 mg/kg), and 12 received 0.9% physiological saline (10 ml/kg).(More)
To determine whether inhaled nitric oxide (NO) affects pulmonary circulation, thereby improving right ventricular (RV) function in adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), we studied 13 patients with both a lung injury severity score of 2.5 or more and a mean pulmonary artery pressure higher than 30 mm Hg. RV function was assessed by a thermodilution(More)
Dexfenfluramine and fenfluramine greatly increase the risk of developing pulmonary hypertension (PHT). The mechanism of anorexigen-associated PHT (AA-PHT) and the reason PHT occurs in a minority of people exposed are unknown. Anorexigens are weak pulmonary vasoconstrictors, but they become potent when synthesis of the endogenous vasodilator nitric oxide(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the lung production of nitric oxide (NO) in patients with systemic sclerosis. METHODS The NO concentration and its rate of production by the lungs were measured in the exhaled air in 14 patients with systemic sclerosis and in 12 healthy control subjects using the chemiluminescent method. RESULTS The NO concentration and its rate of(More)