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Hippocampal neurogenesis continuously declines in the aging brain but only little is known about age-related alterations in the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the dentate gyrus which accommodates different subpopulations of precursor cells. Here, we examined the age-related effects on total number and proliferation rate of distinct precursor cell populations in(More)
The evidence for the potential involvement of gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) in the pathomechanism of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF), a rare but serious disease occurring in patients with severe or end-stage renal failure, has grown due to recent epidemiological and preclinical research. Nevertheless there is still uncertainty with regard to(More)
On a substrate of rostral/caudal tectal membrane stripes of adult fish, regenerating temporal retinal axons avoid the caudal membranes. Thus they behave like embryonic chick axons on chick E9 membranes. The caudal membranes of adult fish contain a repellent component that, as has previously been shown in the chick, is inactivated by the enzyme PI-PLC. Fish(More)
The renal effects of vasopressin (VP) in water-loaded and hydropenic conscious dogs were examined with and without the previous administration of prostaglandin (PG) synthesis inhibitors (indomethacin and meclophenamate). The parameters studied were: urinary output, sodium and potassium excretion, plasma and urinary osmotic concentration, total renal blood(More)
Antecubital venous blood was sampled at rest and during orthostasis or supine bicycle exercise. The plasma was analyzed for noradrenaline and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethyleneglycol (DOPEG) by HPLC. Orthostasis resulted in increases in plasma concentrations of both noradrenaline and DOPEG. The magnitude of changes in both was dependent on the degree of(More)
The total body clearance and fractional extraction of isoprenaline (ISO) have been determined, and the relation between these parameters and cardiac output established. Whether desipramine, an inhibitor of neuronal uptake, altered the plasma catecholamine response to ISO was also investigated. Seven healthy subjects were given i.v., infusions of ISO in two,(More)
The capability of the adult brain to generate new hippocampal neurons after brain insults like stroke is decreasing during the aging process. Recent evidence further indicates that the proliferative properties of the precursor cells change in the aged brain. We therefore analyzed the early proliferative response of distinct precursor cell populations in the(More)
It is well known that focal ischemia increases neurogenesis in the adult dentate gyrus of the hippocampal formation but the cellular mechanisms underlying this proliferative response are only poorly understood. We here investigated whether precursor cells which constitutively proliferate before the ischemic infarct contribute to post-ischemic neurogenesis.(More)
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