Learn More
Proteolytic processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) through an endosomal/lysosomal pathway generates carboxy-terminal polypeptides that contain an intact beta-amyloid domain. Cleavage by as-yet unidentified proteases releases the beta-amyloid peptide in soluble form. In Alzheimer's disease, aggregated beta-amyloid is deposited in extracellular(More)
Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) protects cultured motor neurons from the toxic effects of mutations in Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD-1), which is responsible for a familial form of the disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Here, the endogenous heat shock response of motor neurons was investigated to determine whether a high threshold for activating(More)
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is critical in the modulation of cholesterol and phospholipid transport between cells of different types. Human apoE is a polymorphic protein with three common alleles, APO epsilon 2, APO epsilon 3, and APO epsilon 4. ApoE4 is associated with sporadic and late-onset familial Alzheimer disease (AD). Gene dose was shown to have an(More)
Research pertaining to gene transfer into cells of the nervous system is one of the fastest growing fields in neuroscience. An important application of gene transfer is gene therapy, which is based on introducing therapeutic genes into cells of the nervous system by ex vivo or in vivo techniques. With the eventual development of efficient and safe vectors,(More)
High performance liquid chromatographic analyses of incubations of beta-amyloid(1-40) with neutral endopeptidase revealed at least nine product peaks, indicating that neutral endopeptidase can cleave beta-amyloid at multiple sites. Mass spectroscopic analysis of hydrolyzed beta-amyloid identified at least five cleavage sites, between residues Glu3-Phe4,(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological disorder characterized by myelin destruction and a variable degree of oligodendrocyte death. We have previously shown that overexpression of the transcription factor p53 can induce oligodendrocyte apoptosis. We investigated the mechanism of p53-induced apoptosis using primary cultures of central nervous(More)
Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory disease of the CNS leading to the destruction of oligodendrocytes (OLs), myelin sheaths and axons. The mediators of tissue injury remain unknown. Glutamate, which can be released by activated immune cells or produced within the CNS, has been implicated as a potential mediator of tissue injury in multiple sclerosis.(More)
The scrapie agent protein (Sp33-37 or PrPSc) is the disease-associated isoform of a normal cellular membrane protein (Cp33-37 or PrPC) of unknown function. We report that normal human lymphocytes and lymphoid cell lines, but not erythrocytes or granulocytes, express PrPC mRNA and protein. PrPC is detectable on the surface of lymphocytes; the surface(More)
Apoliprotein E (apoE) is associated with Alzheimer's neurofibrillary tangles and beta-amyloid protein in senile plaques. Recent studies have shown an increased frequency of the epsilon 4 allele of the apoE gene in familial and sporadic cases of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the present case control study, we have determined the apoE genotype by(More)
The kinin B1 receptor is an inducible receptor expressed in response to inflammatory mediators. We sought to determine whether kinin B1 receptor can be expressed on human brain endothelial cells (HBECs) in vitro and whether signaling via this receptor can regulate permeability and chemokine production properties of these cells. Multiplex RT-PCR(More)