Josephine Johnston

Learn More
The field of bioethics has been split into subspecialties over the past few decades. In some cases, it was divided in terms of social domains, such as clinical ethics, research ethics and public-health ethics. In other cases, it was separated in terms of methodological approaches, including principle-based bioethics, virtue ethics and narrative ethics. Yet(More)
The Hastings Center, a bioethics research institute, is holding a series of 5 workshops to examine the controversies surrounding the use of medication to treat emotional and behavioral disturbances in children. These workshops bring together clinicians, researchers, scholars, and advocates with diverse perspectives and from diverse fields. Our first(More)
The number of children in the US taking prescription drugs for emotional and behavioral disturbances is growing dramatically. This growth in the use of psychotropic drugs in pediatric populations has given rise to multiple controversies, ranging from concerns over off-label use and long-term safety to debates about the societal value and cultural meaning of(More)
Nearly one in eight infants in the United States is born preterm. A variety of factors are associated with preterm birth, including multiplicity. In the United States fertility treatments are currently associated with high rates of multiplicity, but these rates could be reduced significantly if changes can be made to fertility treatment policy and practice.(More)
In general, bipolar disorder with its classical presentation of regularly recurring manic and depressive episodes can be well diagnosed in adults and adolescents. However, bipolar disorder in children is a controversial issue, difficult to diagnose and to distinguish from other illnesses that frequently occur in childhood. In the US, where the diagnosis(More)
Information on the provenance of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) is critical for both scientific and ethical reasons. The genetic origin is important for selecting appropriate hESC lines for proposed research, and the consent terms may determine whether they can be used in subsequent studies, clinical trials, or development of therapeutics. From an(More)