Josephine H. Naish

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Magnetic resonance imaging has shown promise for evaluating tissue oxygenation. In this study differences in the tissue longitudinal relaxation rate (R(1)) and effective transverse relaxation rate (R(*)(2)), induced by inhalation of pure oxygen and carbogen, were evaluated in 10 healthy subjects. Significant reductions in R(1) were demonstrated following(More)
Molecular oxygen has been previously shown to shorten longitudinal relaxation time (T1) in the spleen and renal cortex, but not in the liver or fat. In this study, the magnitude and temporal evolution of this effect were investigated. Medical air, oxygen, and carbogen (95% oxygen/5% CO2) were administered sequentially in 16 healthy volunteers. T1 maps were(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of water exchange on tracer kinetic parameter estimates derived from T(1)-weighted dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI data using a direct quantitative comparison with DCE-CT. Data were acquired from 12 patients with bladder cancer who underwent DCE-CT followed by DCE-MRI within a week. A two-compartment(More)
Oxygen-enhanced MR imaging has been demonstrated in a number of recent studies as a potential method to visualize regional ventilation in the lung. A quantitative pixel-by-pixel analysis is hampered by motion and volume change due to breathing. In this study, image registration via active shape modeling is shown to produce significant improvements in the(More)
Assessment of perfusion and capillary permeability is important in both malignant and nonmalignant lung disease. Kinetic modeling of T(1)-weighted dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) data may provide such an assessment. This study establishes the feasibility and interrelationship of kinetic modeling approaches designed to estimate microvascular(More)
There is growing evidence that microvascular angiopathy (MVA) plays an important role in the development of dementia and affective disorders in older people. At currently available image resolutions it is not possible to image directly the vascular changes associated with MVA, but the effects on blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow may be detectable.(More)
Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) is frequently used to provide response biomarkers in clinical trials of novel cancer therapeutics but assessment of their physiological accuracy is difficult. DCE-CT provides an independent probe of similar pharmacokinetic processes and may be modeled in the same way as DCE-MRI to provide purportedly equivalent(More)
BACKGROUND Quantitative assessment of myocardial blood flow (MBF) from cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) perfusion images appears to offer advantages over qualitative assessment. Currently however, clinical translation is lacking, at least in part due to considerable disparity in quantification methodology. The aim of this study was to evaluate the(More)
PURPOSE There is a clinical need for noninvasive, nonionizing imaging biomarkers of tumor hypoxia and oxygenation. We evaluated the relationship of T1 -weighted oxygen-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (OE-MRI) measurements to histopathology measurements of tumor hypoxia in a murine glioma xenograft and demonstrated technique translation in human(More)
PURPOSE Pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction are sometimes thought to be caused by placental abnormalities associated with reduced oxygenation. Oxygen-enhanced MRI (R1 contrast) and BOLD MRI (R2 * contrast) have the potential to noninvasively investigate this oxygen environment at a range of gestational ages. METHODS(More)