Josephine H. Naish

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BACKGROUND Extracellular matrix expansion is a key element of ventricular remodeling and a potential therapeutic target. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) T1-mapping techniques are increasingly used to evaluate myocardial extracellular volume (ECV); however, the most widely applied methods are without histological validation. Our aim was to perform(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging has shown promise for evaluating tissue oxygenation. In this study differences in the tissue longitudinal relaxation rate (R(1)) and effective transverse relaxation rate (R(*)(2)), induced by inhalation of pure oxygen and carbogen, were evaluated in 10 healthy subjects. Significant reductions in R(1) were demonstrated following(More)
OBJECTIVES To prospectively estimate the feasibility and reproducibility of dynamic oxygen-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (OE-MRI) in the assessment of regional oxygen delivery, uptake and washout in asthmatic lungs. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was approved by the National Research Ethics Committee and written informed consent was obtained.(More)
PURPOSE There is considerable interest in developing non-invasive methods of mapping tumor hypoxia. Changes in tissue oxygen concentration produce proportional changes in the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) longitudinal relaxation rate (R(1)). This technique has been used previously to evaluate oxygen delivery to healthy tissues and is distinct from blood(More)
Molecular oxygen has been previously shown to shorten longitudinal relaxation time (T1) in the spleen and renal cortex, but not in the liver or fat. In this study, the magnitude and temporal evolution of this effect were investigated. Medical air, oxygen, and carbogen (95% oxygen/5% CO2) were administered sequentially in 16 healthy volunteers. T1 maps were(More)
Assessment of perfusion and capillary permeability is important in both malignant and nonmalignant lung disease. Kinetic modeling of T(1)-weighted dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) data may provide such an assessment. This study establishes the feasibility and interrelationship of kinetic modeling approaches designed to estimate microvascular(More)
BACKGROUND Serial surveillance endomyocardial biopsies are performed in patients who have recently undergone heart transplantation in order to detect acute cardiac allograft rejection (ACAR) before symptoms occur, however the biopsy process is associated with a number of limitations. This study aimed to prospectively and longitudinally evaluate the(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a method to determine the distribution of articular cartilage in the hip and to evaluate the potential of the method in a study of normal weight-bearing effects in asymptomatic young volunteers. DESIGN Six volunteers were scanned after periods of standing and lying supine, using 3D gradient-echo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of water exchange on tracer kinetic parameter estimates derived from T(1)-weighted dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI data using a direct quantitative comparison with DCE-CT. Data were acquired from 12 patients with bladder cancer who underwent DCE-CT followed by DCE-MRI within a week. A two-compartment(More)
PURPOSE Pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction are sometimes thought to be caused by placental abnormalities associated with reduced oxygenation. Oxygen-enhanced MRI (R1 contrast) and BOLD MRI (R2 * contrast) have the potential to noninvasively investigate this oxygen environment at a range of gestational ages. METHODS(More)