Josephine F. Trott

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The marsupial newborn is immature and the mother has the capacity to alter milk composition significantly during lactation, presumably to meet the nutritional requirements of the developing young. Furthermore, macropodid marsupials may practice asynchronous concurrent lactation (ACL)7whereby the mother provides milk which differs in all the major components(More)
From its embryonic origins, the mammary gland in females undergoes a course of ductal development that supports the establishment of alveolar structures during pregnancy prior to the onset of lactogenesis. This development includes multiple stages of proliferation and morphogenesis that are largely directed by concurrent alterations in key hormones and(More)
Specific changes in milk composition during lactation in the tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii) were correlated with the ages of the developing pouch young (PY). The present experiment was designed to test the hypothesis that the sucking pattern of the PY determines the course of mammary development in the tammar wallaby. To test this hypothesis, groups of(More)
Esterase activities associated with organophosphate insecticide resistance in the Australian sheep blowfly, Lucilia cuprina, are compared with similar activities in other Diptera. The enzymes making the major contribution to methyl butyrate hydrolysis (“ali-esterase”) in L. cuprina, M. domestica, and D. melanogaster comigrate during electrophoresis. The(More)
Kidney cancer [or renal cell carcinoma (RCC)] is known as "the internist's tumor" because it has protean systemic manifestations, suggesting that it utilizes complex, nonphysiologic metabolic pathways. Given the increasing incidence of this cancer and its lack of effective therapeutic targets, we undertook an extensive analysis of human RCC tissue employing(More)
Mammary gland growth and morphogenesis are regulated by interactions between hormones as much as by their individual actions. The effect of these interactions on the mammary gland phenotype in species other than rodents is relatively undefined. We investigated the individual and combined effects of estrogen (E), progestin (P), and prolactin (PRL) on mammary(More)
Angiogenesis is a dynamic process regulated by both local and systemic factors. Among these is vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent effector of angiogenesis and vascular permeability. Previously we showed that VEGF is temporally and spatially regulated in the mouse mammary gland during development and lactation. Given the functions of(More)
Endocrine and autocrine prolactin (PRL) exerts effects on normal breast and breast cancer cells, and high serum PRL is a poor prognostic factor for colorectal cancer. Here we tested the hypothesis that short isoforms of the PRL receptor (PRLR) in human tissue regulate the actions of PRL in cancer. Using 3' RACE we isolated five splice variants of the human(More)
Prolactin (PRL) acts through its receptor (PRLR) via both endocrine and local paracrine/autocrine pathways to regulate biological processes including reproduction and lactation. We analyzed the tissue- and stage of gestation-specific regulation of PRL and PRLR expression in various tissues of pigs. Abundance of pPRLR-long form (LF) mRNA increased in the(More)
Around 80 years ago researchers first established that the pituitary gland regulates mammary gland function as demonstrated by the ability of its extracts to promote both mammogenesis and lactogenesis in animal models. Little did they realize that in fact two hormones, prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH), were contributing to these effects. By the mid(More)