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Nemaline myopathy is a hereditary disease of skeletal muscle defined by a distinct pathology of electron-dense accumulations within the sarcomeric units called rods, muscle weakness and, in most cases, a slow oxidative (type 1) fiber predominance. We generated a transgenic mouse model to study this disorder by expressing an autosomal dominant mutant of(More)
Regulators of skeletal muscle mass are of interest, given the morbidity and mortality of muscle atrophy and myopathy. Four-and-a-half LIM protein 1 (FHL1) is mutated in several human myopathies, including reducing-body myopathy (RBM). The normal function of FHL1 in muscle and how it causes myopathy remains unknown. We find that FHL1 transgenic expression in(More)
The existence of a feedback mechanism regulating the precise amounts of muscle structural proteins, such as actin and the actin-associated protein tropomyosin (Tm), in the sarcomeres of striated muscles is well established. However, the regulation of nonmuscle or cytoskeletal actin and Tms in nonmuscle cell structures has not been elucidated. Unlike the(More)
Nemaline myopathy, the most common congenital myopathy, is caused by mutations in genes encoding thin filament and thin filament-associated proteins in skeletal muscles. Severely affected patients fail to survive beyond the first year of life due to severe muscle weakness. There are no specific therapies to combat this muscle weakness. We have generated the(More)
The differentiation and diversification of striated muscle is a complex process involving numerous temporal and spatial alterations in the pattern of contractile protein isoform gene expression. In order to gain insight into the regulation of contractile protein isoform changes during skeletal and cardiac muscle formation, the expression of a transgene(More)
Spatially distinct populations of microfilaments, characterized by different tropomyosin (Tm) isoforms, are present within a neuron. To investigate the impact of altered tropomyosin isoform expression on neuronal morphogenesis, embryonic cortical neurons from transgenic mice expressing the isoforms Tm3 and Tm5NM1, under the control of the beta-actin(More)
The organisation of structural proteins in muscle into highly ordered sarcomeres occurs during development, regeneration and focal repair of skeletal muscle fibers. The involvement of cytoskeletal proteins in this process has been documented, with nonmuscle gamma-actin found to play a role in sarcomere assembly during muscle differentiation and also shown(More)
Troponin I (TnI) is a muscle-specific protein involved in the calcium-mediated contraction of striated muscle. Three TnI isoforms have been identified, each encoded by a separate gene and expressed in specific striated muscles in the adult. The slow isoform gene (TnIs) is transcriptionally regulated during skeletal muscle development such that its(More)
Drug abuse is a worldwide phenomenon with significant health and socioeconomic impact and it is of particular concern in women of reproductive age and in pregnant women. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of drug use by serum and hair testing in a cohort of pregnant women at 12th week gestation who decided voluntarily to interrupt their pregnancy and to(More)
Human MusTRD1alpha1 was isolated as a result of its ability to bind a critical element within the Troponin I slow upstream enhancer (TnIslow USE) and was predicted to be a regulator of slow fiber-specific genes. To test this hypothesis in vivo, we generated transgenic mice expressing hMusTRD1alpha1 in skeletal muscle. Adult transgenic mice show a complete(More)