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A widely applicable, positive cDNA selection method was developed to identify RNAs synthesized by Mycobacterium tuberculosis in response to phagocytosis by cultured human primary macrophages. cDNAs for sigE and sigH (alternative sigma factors), aceA (isocitrate lyase), ponA (class I penicillin-binding protein), pks2 (polyketide synthase), uvrA (UvrABC(More)
Selective capture of transcribed sequences (SCOTS) has been employed to identify 54 cDNA molecules that represent 46 genes that are expressed by Mycobacterium avium during growth in human macrophages. Some cDNA molecules correspond to genes that are apparently expressed 48 h after infection of macrophages, while others correspond to genes expressed 110 h(More)
The recombinant Escherichia coli K-12 strain chi 6060 harbouring the plasmid pYA 1201 with a gene from Rhodococcus erythropolis IMET 7030 overexpressed a protein which reacts with a monospecific antiserum against the steroid 1-dehydrogenase (Sdh) from the same Rhodococcus strain. It was shown previously that this recombinant protein exhibits no enzymatic(More)
The steroid 1-dehydrogenase of Rhodococcus erythropolis IMET 7030, an active steroid-transforming strain, was localized by immunogold labelling both in cells induced with 17-alpha-methyl-testosterone and in noninduced cells. The labelling intensity was much higher in induced cells than in noninduced cells, indicating increased enzyme production in the case(More)
Little is known about the bacterial factors that enable pathogenic mycobacteria to survive and multiply within the macrophages of the infected host. By preparing cDNA from Mycobacterium avium bacilli grown in human-derived macrophages and in broth culture and using subtractive hybridization to remove commonly expressed genes, a procedure was developed to(More)
Leprosy, a chronic infectious disease afflicting between 10 and 15 million people, is caused by the obligate intracellular parasite Mycobacterium leprae. Although M. leprae was the first identified bacterial pathogen of man, basic biochemical, immunological, diagnostic and therapeutic investigations have been severely limited because it remains one of the(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis serine/threonine protein kinases (STPKs) are key regulators of growth and metabolism; however, evidence for their roles in virulence is limited. In a preliminary screen based on comparative expression between strains H37Rv and H37Ra, six STPK genes, pknD, pknG, pknH, pknJ, pknK and pknL, showed higher expression in H37Rv. In the(More)
Mycobacterium leprae, the causative agent of leprosy, is an obligate intracellular pathogen. M. leprae can infect a variety of cells in vivo, including epithelial cells, muscle cells, and Schwann cells, in addition to macrophages. The ligand-receptor interactions important in the attachment and ingestion of M. leprae by these nonmacrophage cells remains(More)
The number of rRNA genes of Mycobacterium leprae was determined by restriction analysis of M. leprae total chromosomal DNA. A single set of rRNA genes was found. This set was subcloned from a cosmid library of M. leprae DNA into pUC13 and was characterized by restriction analysis and hybridization with Escherichia coli rRNA genes. The 16S, 23S, and 5S genes(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) has afflicted humankind throughout history. Approximately one third of the world's population is currently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and nearly two million people die of TB annually. Although much has been learned about the structure of the tubercle bacillus, the epidemiology of TB, the physiological and immunological(More)