Josephine A Grace

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Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is an important cause of dyspnea and hypoxia in the setting of liver disease, occurring in 10-30% of patients with cirrhosis. It is due to vasodilation and angiogenesis in the pulmonary vascular bed, which leads to ventilation-perfusion mismatching, diffusion limitation to oxygen exchange, and arteriovenous shunting. There is(More)
The RAS (renin-angiotensin system) is now recognized as an important regulator of liver fibrosis and portal pressure. Liver injury stimulates the hepatic expression of components of the RAS, such as ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) and the AT(1) receptor [AngII (angiotensin II) type 1 receptor], which play an active role in promoting inflammation and(More)
Ang-(1-7) (angiotensin-1-7), a peptide product of the recently described ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) homologue ACE2, opposes the harmful actions of AngII (angiotensin II) in cardiovascular tissues, but its role in liver disease is unknown. The aim of the present study was to assess plasma levels of Ang-(1-7) in human liver disease and determine its(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Splanchnic vascular hypocontractility with subsequent increased portal venous inflow leads to portal hypertension. Although the renin-angiotensin system contributes to fibrogenesis and increased hepatic resistance in patients with cirrhosis, little is known about its effects in the splanchnic vasculature, particularly those of the(More)
Essential hypertension (EH) in dogs is a relatively recently reported phenomenon. In this colony the canine disorder follows family lines and has a probable polygenic mode of inheritance, although the specific mode of inheritance has not been defined since an autosomal dominant trait has not clearly been ruled out. Direct intra-arterial femoral punctures(More)
Portal hypertension is responsible for the bulk of the morbidity and mortality in patients with cirrhosis. Drug therapy to reduce portal pressure involves targeting two vascular beds. The first approach is to reduce intra hepatic vascular tone induced by the activity of powerful vasocontrictors such as angiotensin II, endothelin-1 and the sympathetic system(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Although in cirrhosis with portal hypertension levels of the vasoconstrictor angiotensin II are increased, this is accompanied by increased production of angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7), the endogenous ligand of the Mas receptor (MasR), which blunts hepatic fibrosis and decreases hepatic vascular resistance. Therefore, we investigated the effects(More)
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