Josepha K Angleson

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The cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) of retinal rod outer segments (ROS) is activated by the GTP-bound form of the G protein, transducin (Gt alpha). This activation can be reversed by the inhibitory gamma subunit of PDE through two distinct mechanisms: acceleration of GTP hydrolysis and direct inactivation independent of GTP hydrolysis. We have found that(More)
Hydrolysis of GTP by the photoreceptor G protein transducin (Gt alpha) was found to occur with kinetics identical to the inactivation of its effector cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE), but was too slow (tens of seconds) in dilute rod outer segment (ROS) suspensions to account for subsecond recovery of the light response. Raising the concentration of ROS(More)
The melanocortin-5 receptor (MC(5)) of the dogfish Squalus acanthias (SacMC(5) receptor) can be functionally expressed in CHO cells in the absence of the co-expression of an exogenous MRAP cDNA. Both human ACTH(1-24) and dogfish ACTH(1-25) were much better stimulators of the SacMC(5) receptor than any of the mammalian or dogfish MSH ligands that were(More)
Activation of the photoreceptor G protein transducin (Gt) by opsin, the ligand-free form of rhodopsin, was measured using rod outer segment membranes with densities of opsin and Gt similar to those found in rod cells. When GTPgammaS was used as the activating nucleotide, opsin catalyzed transducin activation with an exponential time course with a rate(More)
A well known difference in nucleotide binding characteristics between heterotrimeric G proteins and small GTP binding proteins of the Ras superfamily is that the former bind GTP or guanosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) (GTPgammaS) with a much lower affinity (Kd approximately 10(-8)-10(-7) M) than the latter (Kd approximately 10(-11)-10(-10)M). We report here(More)
We have examined the effects of three commonly used classes of guanine nucleotide analogues on the retinal G protein, transducin (Gt), and found them to be quite different from those that might be expected from results with other GTP-binding proteins. The most surprising results were with guanosine 5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate) (GDPbetaS); rather than inhibiting(More)
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