Joseph Y. Margulies

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Current population studies characterize idiopathic scoliosis as a single-gene disorder that follows the patterns of mendelian genetics, including variable penetrance and heterogeneity. The role of melatonin and calmodulin in the development of idiopathic scoliosis is likely secondary, with indirect effects on growth mechanisms. Reported abnormalities of(More)
In a prospective study of 295 male Israeli military recruits a 31% incidence of stress fractures was found. Eighty per cent of the fractures were in the tibial or femoral shaft, while only 8% occurred in the tarsus and metatarsus. Sixty-nine per cent of the femoral stress fractures were asymptomatic, but only 8% of those in the tibia. Even asymptomatic(More)
Degenerative changes in the spine, specifically disc degeneration and facet arthrosis, and osteoporosis are conditions that primarily affect the elderly and may significantly impact the quality of life. The relationship between osteoporosis and degenerative changes in the hip joint has been studied, but their correlation in the spine is not entirely clear.(More)
The bone density, mineral content and average shear stress in bending at failure were measured in vitro in 33 femoral necks of women and men of different ages. The correlations between these three parameters as well as their correlation with the Singh index were carefully analyzed and found to show that the Singh index is of no clinical value. The best(More)
In a prospective study of 295 infantry recruits during 14 weeks of basic training, 41% had medial tibial pain. Routine scintigraphic evaluation in cases of medial tibial bone pain showed that 63% had abnormalities. A stress fracture was found in 46%. Only two patients had periostitis. None had ischemic medial compartment syndrome. Physical examination could(More)
Appropriate levels for instrumentation and fusion in scoliosis have been a matter of debate among surgeons since the introduction of operative management of this deformity. We set out to examine the hypothesis that the amount of correction achieved in all planes during surgical instrumentation of a curve should be less than, or comparable to, the degree of(More)
During the 10-year period 1981-1990, 59 patients suffering from spinal cord or cauda equina compression underwent anterior spinal decompression and in most cases spinal restabilization with methylmethacrylate cement and/or instrumentation. Follow-up in 55 patients showed that 75% were improved neurologically by the procedure, one-third of these showing(More)
In a prospective study of 295 male Israeli military recruits a 31 % incidence of stress fractures was found. Eighty per cent of the fractures were in the tibial or femoral shaft, while only 8% occurred in the tarsus and metatarsus. Sixty-nine per cent of the femoral stress fractures were asymptomatic, but only 8% of those in the tibia. Even asymptomatic(More)