Joseph Waizman

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BACKGROUND Morbidly obese subjects are known to have impaired respiratory function and inefficient respiratory muscles. A study was undertaken to investigate the influence of excessive weight loss on pulmonary and respiratory muscle function in morbidly obese individuals who underwent gastroplasty to induce weight loss. METHODS Twenty one obese(More)
Pulmonary complications after cardiac surgery are a leading cause of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Respiratory muscle weakness may contribute to the postoperative pulmonary abnormalities. We hypothesized that: (1) there is a decrease in inspiratory muscle strength (PImax at residual volume) and endurance (Pmpeak/PImax) following coronary artery(More)
BACKGROUND It has been previously shown that the inspiratory muscles of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) are weaker than those of normal persons. This weakness may contribute to the dyspnea and limit exercise capacity in these patients. The respiratory muscles can be trained for both strength and endurance. HYPOTHESIS The present study was(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by sputum production and cough. It has been shown that mucus hypersecretion predisposes to recurrent bronchial infection and that reduction in airway secretions is associated with clinical improvement. Recently a new pipe-shaped device for chest physiotherapy, the flutter VRP1 ("VarioRaw:"(More)
Asthma occurs more frequently in the elderly than is usually appreciated and may, therefore, be underdiagnosed and undertreated. This study evaluated the relationship between asthma symptoms and the degree of airflow obstruction in elderly and young asthmatics. Fifteen young asthmatics (<65 yrs) (group A), 15 aged >65 yrs with onset of symptoms before 65(More)
BACKGROUND A predicted postoperative forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) of less than 800 ml or 40% of predicted is a common criterion for exclusion of patients from lung resection for cancer. Usually, the predicted postoperative lung function is calculated according to a formula based on the number of lung segments that will be resected. Incentive(More)
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking is a major contributor to the risk of acute myocardial infarction and the subsequent morbidity and mortality. Physicians can play an important role in smoking cessation among patients with AMI because of their frequent contact with the patient during the event. OBJECTIVES To study the prevalence of smoking, age, localization(More)
It has been shown that the inspiratory muscles of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) are weaker than normal. This weakness may contribute to dyspnea and limit exercise capacity. But respiratory muscles can be trained for increase in both strength and endurance. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of specific inspiratory muscle training(More)
BACKGROUND A significant minority of patients with COPD have favourable response to corticosteroid treatment. In addition, the benefit of corticosteroid treatment may be outweighed by the side-effects. Long-term administration of inhaled steroids is a safe means of treatment. However, only a few studies have addressed the role of inhaled steroids in(More)