Joseph W Maciaszek

Learn More
The generation of T cell immunity requires the acquisition and presentation of Ag on bone marrow-derived APCs. Dendritic cells (DC) are believed to be the most potent bone marrow-derived APCs, and the only ones that can stimulate naive T cells to productively respond to Ags. Because macrophages (Mphi) are bone marrow-derived APCs that are also found in(More)
Dendritic cell (DC) activation by nucleic acid-containing IgG complexes is implicated in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pathogenesis. However, it has been difficult to definitively examine the receptors and signaling pathways by which this activation is mediated. Because mouse FcgammaRs recognize human IgG, we hypothesized that IgG from lupus patients(More)
The rates of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), progression to AIDS following HIV-1 infection, and AIDS-associated mortality are all inversely correlated with serum vitamin A levels (R. D. Semba, W. T. Caiaffa, N. M. H. Graham, S. Cohn, and D. Vlahov, J. Infect. Dis. 171:1196-1202, 1995; R. D. Semba, N. M. H.(More)
We have found that CD11b, a cell surface integrin of macrophages, granulocytes, and NK cells, is expressed by a subset of CD8+ T cells that include both the active virus-specific CTL and the virus-specific memory CTL populations. CD8+CD11b+ cells comprise less than 3% of naive mouse splenocytes, but after lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infection(More)
IL-16 is produced by CD8+ lymphocytes and has been reported to inhibit HIV-1 and SIV replication in infected PBMCs. CD4 serves as a receptor for the secreted form of IL-16, and IL-16 binding to CD4 induces signal transduction, which affects the activation state of the cell. We hypothesized, therefore, that the effect of IL-16 on HIV-1 replication might(More)
We have developed a chemical modification of antibodies, lipidation, which enables their intracellular delivery into living cells. Intracellular localization of lipidated antibodies was demonstrated by confocal microscopy and by measuring cellular uptake of 125I-labeled lipidated antibodies. Functionally, a lipidated monoclonal antibody directed against the(More)
We report the generation and cellular reactivity of a novel rat IgM monoclonal antibody (mAb), CZ-1, made against mouse natural killer (NK) cells activated in vivo. mAb CZ-1 recognizes a molecule whose properties are consistent with that of a trypsin-sensitive, non-phosphatidyl inositol-linked sialoglycoprotein. The expression of the antigen recognized by(More)
We have previously described a monoclonal antibody (mAb), CZ-1, which reacts with an epitope expressed on most peripheral basophils, natural killer cells, B cells, and CD8+ T cells, but not with most thymocytes or peripheral CD4+ T cells. Here we show that mAb CZ-1 defines a sialic acid-dependent epitope associated with a subpopulation of CD45 molecules.(More)
Pichinde virus (PV) strain AN 3739 was determined to be sensitive to natural killer (NK) cells in vivo by enhanced replication in NK-cell-depleted mice. An NK-sensitive subclone (PV-NKs1) was serially passed in mice whose NK cells had previously been activated by an interferon inducer, and two plaque isolates were shown to be resistant to NK cells but not(More)