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This study examined in baboons various behavioral effects of zolpidem, a short-acting imidazopyridine hypnotic which has selectivity for subtypes of the benzodiazepine receptor. Intravenous drug self-injection was studied under a fixed-ratio 80- or 160-response schedule with a 3-hr timeout after each injection. Maximal rates of self-injection maintained by(More)
was signed into law, thereby creating the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. One of the charges to the Commission was to identify the basic ethical principles that should underlie the conduct of biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects and to develop guidelines which should be(More)
Despite the high incidence of cognitive and motor impairment in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients, the mechanisms of AIDS-related central nervous system (CNS) pathology are not completely understood. Infection with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) in macaques provides an excellent model of AIDS, including human immunodeficiency virus(More)
Eight opioid agonist, mixed agonist/antagonist or antagonist compounds were compared in baboons. In the first experiment, i.v. drug self-injection procedures involved a fixed-ratio schedule with a 3 hr time-out after each injection. Doses of a test drug were substituted for cocaine for 12 or 15 days. Codeine, morphine, butorphanol, nalbuphine and(More)
Self-injection of three barbiturates, six benzodiazepines, and chlorpromazine was examined in baboons. Intravenous injections of drug were dependent upon completion of 160 lever presses (a 160-response fixed-ratio schedule). A 3-h time-out period followed each injection, permitting a maximum of eight injections per day. Prior to testing each dose of drug,(More)
Responding maintained under progressive ratio (PR) and fixed ratio (FR 160) schedules of IV saline or cocaine (0.01-4.0 mg/kg) injections was studied in baboons. Each injection was followed by a time-out period which was 3-h with the PR schedule and was either 3 or 12 with the FR schedule. On the PR schedule the ratio requirement was systematically(More)
A system for minimally restraining adult baboons with chronic intravenous (IV) or intragastric (IG) catheters for long term pharmacological and behavioral studies is described. The system consists of an adjustable foam-padded backplate and harness which is custom-fitted to each animal. A flexible stainless-steel cable connects the backplate to a liquid(More)
Cocaine, methylphenidate and secobarbital were compared on a drug maintained progressive-ratio procedure in baboon subjects. Trials, scheduled throughout the day, occurred at a minimum interval of 3 hrs after completion of the preceding trial. A ratio response requirement on the "initiate" lever was required during each trial which terminated in a single(More)