Joseph T Tsay

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Numerous heterologous proteins have been produced at greater than gram per liter levels in the methylotrophic yeast, Pichia pastoris, using the methanol oxidase promoter. The factors that drastically influence protein production in this system include: copy number of the expression cassette, site and mode of chromosomal integration of the expression(More)
beta-Ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) synthase III catalyzes the condensation of acetyl-CoA with malonyl-ACP in dissociated (Type II) fatty acid synthase systems. A synthase III mutant was used to localize the structural gene to the 24.5-min region of the Escherichia coli chromosome, and the defective synthase III allele was designated fabH1. The fabH(More)
Thiolactomycin [(4S)(2E,5E)-2,4,6-trimethyl-3-hydroxy-2,5,7-octatriene- 4-thiolide] (TLM) is a unique antibiotic structure that inhibits dissociated type II fatty acid synthase systems but not the multifunctional type I fatty acid synthases found in mammals. We screened an Escherichia coli genomic library for recombinant plasmids that impart TLM resistance(More)
Thiolactomycin (TLM) and cerulenin are antibiotics that block Escherichia coli growth by inhibiting fatty acid biosynthesis at the beta-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase I step. Both TLM and cerulenin trigger the accumulation of intracellular malonyl-coenzyme A coincident with growth inhibition, and the overexpression of synthase I protein confers(More)
The role of the active site residue phenylalanine-31 (Phe31) for recombinant human dihydrofolate reductase (rHDHFR) has been probed by comparing the kinetic behavior of wild-type enzyme (wt) with mutant in which Phe31 is replaced by leucine (F31L rHDHFR). At pH 7.65 the steady-state kcat is almost doubled, but the rate constant for hydride transfer is(More)
Plasmids that corrected the temperature-sensitive unsaturated fatty acid auxotrophy of strain M6 [fabA6 (Ts)] were isolated from an Escherichia coli genomic library. Subcloning and physical mapping localized the new gene (called sfa for suppressor of fabA) at 1,070 kb on the E. coli chromosome. DNA sequencing revealed the presence of a 227-bp open reading(More)
Biochemical and X-ray crystallographic studies confirmed that hydroxyquinoline derivatives identified by virtual screening were actually covalent inhibitors of the MIF tautomerase. Adducts were formed by N-alkylation of the Pro-1 at the catalytic site with a loss of an amino group of the inhibitor.
Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are regulatory proteins of the eukaryotic cell cycle. They act after association with different cyclins, the concentrations of which vary throughout the progression of the cell cycle. As central mediators of cell growth, CDKs are potential targets for inhibitory molecules that would allow disruption of the cell cycle in order(More)
Amino-benzoic acid derivatives 1-4 were found to be inhibitors for DHODH by virtual screening, biochemical, and X-ray crystallographic studies. X-ray structures showed that 1 and 2 bind to DHODH as predicted by virtual screening, but 3 and 4 were found to be structurally different from the corresponding compounds initially identified by virtual screening.
There is marked pH dependence of the rate constant (koff) for tetrahydrofolate (H4folate) dissociation from its ternary complex with human dihydrofolate reductase (hDHFR) and NADPH. Similar pH dependence of H4folate dissociation from the ternary complex of a variant of hDHFR with the substitution Phe31----Leu (F31L hDHFR) causes this dissociation to become(More)