Joseph T Martin

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Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a potent inhibitor of cytochrome oxidase (CO) and is associated with dysosmia and anosmia in humans and nasal lesions in exposed rodents. An improved understanding of the pathogenesis of these lesions is needed to determine their toxicological relevance. We exposed 10-week-old male CD rats to 0, 30, 80, 200, or 400 ppm H2S for 3(More)
Several cell types were identified in the rat nasal respiratory epithelium using scanning electron microscopy. In addition to the previously described ciliated, nonciliated, and goblet cells, the nasal brush cell was identified based on its surface characteristics and its location between nonciliated epithelial cells. Scanning electron microscopy clearly(More)
Circadian rhythms occur in hypothalamic serotonin content in the turkey. Inhibition of serotonin (5-HT) synthesis by parachlorophenylalanine (PCPA) blocks circadian variation in hypothalamic serotonin levels suggesting that the major cause of diurnal fluctuations is differing rates of synthesis of the amine. PCPA treatment also abolishes the diurnal rhythm(More)
Interruption of the blood supply to rat liver produces a progressive loss of phospholipids from the ischemic cells. Whole homogenates and post-mitochondrial supernatants from livers ischemic for 3 h showed a 40% and 55% decrease in phospholipids, respectively. Phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine were predominantly affected without accumulation(More)
Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) is a widely used plasticizer which has been reported to induce a statistically significant increase in the incidence of hepatocellular carcinomas in female Fischer-344 rats (8/50) when administered in the diet at 12 000 p.p.m. for two years. Numerous studies with cells in culture have failed to show any genotoxic activity(More)
Bilateral section of the efferent pathway (tractus occipitomesencephalicus) from the archistriatum of the duck depresses fear-motivated responses as measured by (a) latency to escape in a runway test; (b) latency to approach and drink in the experimenter's presence following water deprivation, and (c) number of agonistic responses directed to an object(More)
In a number of animals and in humans, factors from the fetal hypothalamus function in intrauterine growth, in labour and in brain development. Peptides of the opiomelanocortin family are produced by the pituitary, brain and placenta and are probably involved in these developmental processes. In the rat, alpha-MSH stimulates fetal growth, protein synthesis,(More)
We report a rapid (2-3 hr) in vitro test for chloroquine resistance in Plasmodium falciparum. The test is based on the inhibition of chloroquine efflux by verapamil; it is performed by diluting infected blood in culture medium and incubating the diluted blood for 60 min at 37 degrees C with 50 nM 3H-chloroquine, with and without 10 microM verapamil. The(More)
Ischemic rat liver tissue has been shown previously to exhibit a markedly accelerated rate of phospholipid degradation, producing a loss of almost one half the total cellular phospholipid with 3 hours of ischemia. Pretreatment of the rats with chlorpromazine completely prevented the disturbed phospholipid metabolism at the same time that it prevented the(More)