Joseph T. Lyman

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Optimization of a treatment plan for radiation therapy will produce a plan with the highest probability for tumor control without exceeding an acceptable complication rate. To achieve this goal it is necessary to have a means to estimate probabilities of local control and normal tissue complication. In general, good treatment plans deliver a high uniform(More)
Although it is well known that the tolerance of the liver to external beam irradiation depends on the volume of liver irradiated, few data exist which quantify this dependence. Therefore, a review was carried out of our clinical trial for the treatment of intrahepatic malignancies in which the dose of radiation delivered depended on the volume of normal(More)
Since 1954, 840 patients have been treated at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory with stereotactic charged-particle radiosurgery of the pituitary gland. The initial 30 patients were treated with proton beams; the subsequent 810 patients were treated with helium ion beams. In the great majority of the 475 patients treated for pituitary tumors, marked and sustained(More)
Forty patients aged 6 to 18 years have now been treated for inoperable intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) using stereotactic heavy-charged-particle Bragg peak radiosurgery at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory 184-inch Synchrocyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. This paper describes the procedures for selection of patients, the(More)
We have designed, built, and tested microfluidic systems capable of transporting individual, preimplantation mouse embryos (100-microm to 150-microm diameter) through a network of channels. Typical channels are 160 to 200 microm deep, 250 to 400 microm wide at the top, and narrower at the bottom (0 to 250 microm wide) due to the fabrication process. In(More)
Recent interest in stereotactic radiosurgery of intracranial lesions, and the development of stereotactic irradiation techniques has led to the need for a systematic and complete comparison of these methods. A method for conducting these comparisons is proposed and is applied to a set of currently-used stereotactic radiosurgical techniques.(More)