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Nephronophthisis-related ciliopathies (NPHP-RC) are degenerative recessive diseases that affect kidney, retina, and brain. Genetic defects in NPHP gene products that localize to cilia and centrosomes defined them as "ciliopathies." However, disease mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here, we identify by whole-exome resequencing, mutations of MRE11,(More)
Kinetoplast DNA, the mitochondrial DNA of the trypanosomatid Crithidia fasciculata, is a remarkable structure containing 5,000 topologically linked DNA minicircles. Their replication is initiated at two conserved sequences, a dodecamer, known as the universal minicircle sequence (UMS), and a hexamer, which are located at the replication origins of the(More)
Kinetoplast DNA (kDNA), the mitochondrial DNA of the trypanosomatid Crithidia fasciculata, is a unique structure containing 5,000 DNA minicircles topologically linked into a massive network. In vivo, the network is condensed into a disk-shaped structure. Replication of minicircles initiates at unique origins that are bound by universal minicircle sequence(More)
Assigning functions to genes is one of the major challenges of the post-genomic era. Usually, functions are assigned based on similarity of the coding sequences to sequences of known genes, or by identification of transcriptional cis-regulatory elements that are known to be associated with specific pathways or conditions. In trypanosomatids, where(More)
DNA topoisomerase activity detected in cell extracts of the trypanosomatid Crithidia fasciculata interlocks kinetoplast DNA duplex minicircles into huge catenane forms resembling the natural kinetoplast DNA networks found in trypanosomes. Catenation of duplex DNA circles is reversible and equilibrium is affected by ionic strength, and by spermidine. The(More)
UMSBP is a CCHC-type zinc finger protein, which functions during replication initiation of kinetoplast DNA minicircles and the segregation of kinetoplast DNA networks. Interactions of UMSBP with origin sequences, as well as the protein oligomerization, are affected by its redox state. Reduction yields UMSBP monomers and activates its binding to DNA, while(More)
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