Joseph Shlomai

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Kinetoplast DNA (kDNA), the mitochondrial DNA of flagellated protozoa of the order Kinetoplastida, is unique in its structure, function and mode of replication. It consists of few dozen maxicircles, encoding typical mitochondrial proteins and ribosomal RNA, and several thousands minicircles, encoding guide RNA molecules that function in the editing of(More)
Nephronophthisis-related ciliopathies (NPHP-RC) are degenerative recessive diseases that affect kidney, retina, and brain. Genetic defects in NPHP gene products that localize to cilia and centrosomes defined them as "ciliopathies." However, disease mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here, we identify by whole-exome resequencing, mutations of MRE11,(More)
Replication of kinetoplast DNA minicircles of trypanosomatids initiates at a conserved 12-nucleotide sequence, termed the universal minicircle sequence (UMS, 5'-GGGGTTGGTGTA-3'). A single-stranded nucleic acid binding protein that binds specifically to this origin-associated sequence was purified to apparent homogeneity from Crithidia fasciculata cell(More)
Assigning functions to genes is one of the major challenges of the post-genomic era. Usually, functions are assigned based on similarity of the coding sequences to sequences of known genes, or by identification of transcriptional cis-regulatory elements that are known to be associated with specific pathways or conditions. In trypanosomatids, where(More)
Protein n' of Escherichia coli is required for formation of the prepriming complex in replication of the single-stranded circle of phiX174 DNA. The protein, purified to near homogeneity, possesses ATPase (dATPase) activity in the presence of single-stranded, but not duplex, DNAs. Except for phiX174 DNA, ATPase activity is completely suppressed by coating(More)
Protein-DNA interactions play a key role in the regulation of major cellular metabolic pathways, including gene expression, genome replication, and genomic stability. They are mediated through the interactions of regulatory proteins with their specific DNA-binding sites at promoters, enhancers, and replication origins in the genome. Redox signaling(More)
Kinetoplast DNA (kDNA) is the mitochondrial DNA of trypanosomatids. Its major components are several thousand topologically interlocked DNA minicircles. Their replication origins are recognized by universal minicircle sequence-binding protein (UMSBP), a CCHC-type zinc finger protein, which has been implicated with minicircle replication initiation and kDNA(More)
Protein n', a prepriming DNA replication enzyme of Escherichia coli, is a phi X174 DNA-dependent ATPase. Restriction of phi X174 DNA have led to the identification of a 55-nucleotide fragment that carries the protein n' recognition sequence. Molecular hybridization and sequence analysis have located this sequence within the untranslated region between genes(More)
Leishmania major parasites ingested with host blood by the sandfly Phlebotomus papatasi multiply confined within the peritrophic membrane. This membrane consists of a chitin framework and a protein carbohydrate matrix and it is secreted around the food by the insect midgut. Histological sections of infected flies show lysis of the chitin layer in the(More)