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Nephronophthisis-related ciliopathies (NPHP-RC) are degenerative recessive diseases that affect kidney, retina, and brain. Genetic defects in NPHP gene products that localize to cilia and centrosomes defined them as "ciliopathies." However, disease mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here, we identify by whole-exome resequencing, mutations of MRE11,(More)
Replication of kinetoplast DNA minicircles of trypanosomatids initiates at a conserved 12-nucleotide sequence, termed the universal minicircle sequence (UMS, 5'-GGGGTTGGTGTA-3'). A single-stranded nucleic acid binding protein that binds specifically to this origin-associated sequence was purified to apparent homogeneity from Crithidia fasciculata cell(More)
A sequence-specific single-stranded DNA-binding protein from the trypanosomatid protozoan Crithidia fasciculata binds to a sequence of 12 nucleotides located at the origin of replication of kinetoplast DNA minicircles. This sequence, termed the universal minicircle sequence (UMS), is conserved in the kinetoplast DNA minicircles among species of the family(More)
Leishmania major parasites ingested with host blood by the sandfly Phlebotomus papatasi multiply confined within the peritrophic membrane. This membrane consists of a chitin framework and a protein carbohydrate matrix and it is secreted around the food by the insect midgut. Histological sections of infected flies show lysis of the chitin layer in the(More)
Newly replicated duplex DNA minicircles of trypanosomal kinetoplast DNA are nicked in both their monomeric and catenated topological states, whereas mature ones are covalently sealed. The possibility that nicking may play a role during kinetoplast DNA replication by affecting the topological interconversions of monomeric DNA minicircles and catenane(More)
Kinetoplast DNA (kDNA), the mitochondrial DNA of flagellated protozoa of the order Kinetoplastida, is unique in its structure, function and mode of replication. It consists of few dozen maxicircles, encoding typical mitochondrial proteins and ribosomal RNA, and several thousands minicircles, encoding guide RNA molecules that function in the editing of(More)
Replication of the kinetoplast DNA minicircle light strand initiates at a highly conserved 12-nucleotide sequence, termed the universal minicircle sequence. A Crithidia fasciculata single-stranded DNA-binding protein interacts specifically with the guanine-rich heavy strand of this origin-associated sequence (Y. Tzfati, H. Abeliovich, I. Kapeller, and J.(More)
Replication of the kinetoplast DNA (kDNA) minicircle of trypanosomatids initiates at a conserved 12-nt sequence, 5'-GGGGTTGGTGTA-3', termed the universal minicircle sequence (UMS). A sequence-specific single-stranded DNA-binding protein from Crithidia fasciculata binds the heavy strand of the 12-mer UMS. Whereas this UMS-binding protein (UMSBP) does not(More)
Protein n', a prepriming DNA replication enzyme of Escherichia coli, is a phi X174 DNA-dependent ATPase. Restriction of phi X174 DNA have led to the identification of a 55-nucleotide fragment that carries the protein n' recognition sequence. Molecular hybridization and sequence analysis have located this sequence within the untranslated region between genes(More)