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Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) recognizes double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), a molecular signature of most viruses, and triggers inflammatory responses that prevent viral spread. TLR3 ectodomains (ECDs) dimerize on oligonucleotides of at least 40 to 50 base pairs in length, the minimal length required for signal transduction. To establish the molecular basis for(More)
Neurotensin (NTS) is a 13-amino-acid peptide that functions as both a neurotransmitter and a hormone through the activation of the neurotensin receptor NTSR1, a G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR). In the brain, NTS modulates the activity of dopaminergic systems, opioid-independent analgesia, and the inhibition of food intake; in the gut, NTS regulates a(More)
BACKGROUND E. coli B (BL21), unlike E.coli K-12 (JM109) is insensitive to glucose concentration and, therefore, grows faster and produces less acetate than E. coli K-12, especially when growing to high cell densities at high glucose concentration. By performing genomic analysis, it was demonstrated that the cause of this difference in sensitivity to the(More)
Porcine brain contained an active factor that competed with [3H]-phencyclidine (PCP) for binding to rat brain membranes. On reverse phase high pressure liquid chromatography, the active material eluted between 38-42% acetonitrile. Gel filtration chromatography of the factor predicted a molecular weight of approximately 3000 daltons. The endogenous substance(More)
The solution structure of a 24.4 kDa specific complex of the DNA-binding domain (DBD) of the human ETS1 (hETS1) oncoprotein with a 17-mer DNA has been solved by NMR. The interaction of the hETS1 DBD with DNA reveals a surprising twist on the general features of helix-turn-helix (HTH)-DNA interactions. Major groove recognition involves the C-terminal two(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the regulation of multiple cellular processes. Changes of miRNA expression have been linked to the development of various diseases including cancer, but the molecular events leading to these changes at different physiological conditions are not well characterized. Here we examined the intracellular events responsible for(More)
With advances in robotics, computational capabilities, and the fabrication of high quality glass slides coinciding with increased genomic information being available on public databases, microarray technology is increasingly being used in laboratories around the world. In fact, fields as varied as: toxicology, evolutionary biology, drug development and(More)
BACKGROUND High concentrations of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were reported to cause oxidative stress to E. coli cells associated with reduced or inhibited growth. The high ROS concentrations described in these reports were generated by exposing the bacteria to H2O2 and superoxide-generating chemicals which are non-physiological growth conditions.(More)
BACKGROUND The SoxRS regulon of E. coli is activated in response to elevated dissolved oxygen concentration likely to protect the bacteria from possible oxygen damage. The soxS expression can be increased up to 16 fold, making it a possible candidate for recombinant protein expression. Compared with the existing induction approaches, oxygen induction is(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of high glucose concentration on the transcription levels of the small RNA SgrS and the messenger RNA ptsG, (encoding the glucose transporter IICBGlc), was studied in both E. coli K-12 (MG1655 and JM109) and E. coli B (BL21). It is known that the transcription level of sgrS increases when E. coli K-12 (MG1655 and JM109) is exposed to(More)