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We have employed a polymerase chain reaction-based cloning strategy to demonstrate that both hsp 90 alpha and hsp 90 beta genes are present in the zebrafish. The fact that zebrafish represents the most primitive vertebrate in which hsp 90 genes have been isolated to date has allowed us to determine that the duplication event which generated the hsp 90 alpha(More)
Members of the eukaryotic hsp90 family function as important molecular chaperones in the assembly, folding and activation of a select group of cellular signalling molecules and transcription factors. Several of the molecules with which hsp90 interacts, such as the bHLH transcription factor myoD, are known to be important regulators of developmental events(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the hsp90alpha and hsp90beta genes in zebrafish are expressed in dramatically different spatial and temporal patterns in early embryos. In the case of hsp90alpha, expression is spatially restricted within the somites to putative myogenic cells which also express mRNA encoding the myogenic bHLH transcription factor myoD(More)
Heat shock genes exhibit complex patterns of spatial and temporal regulation during embryonic development of a wide range of organisms. Our laboratory has been involved in an analysis of heat shock gene expression in the zebrafish, a model system which is now utilized extensively for the examination of early embryonic development of vertebrates. Members of(More)
Heat shock genes exhibit complex patterns of spatial and temporal regulation during embryonic development in a wide range of organisms. Our laboratory has initiated an analysis of heat shock protein gene expression in the zebrafish, a model system that is now utilized extensively for the examination of early embryonic development of vertebrates. We have(More)
We isolated motoneurons from E15 dissociated mouse spinal cord by density centrifugation and planted them onto poly-ornithine-coated coverslips in a growth medium (DMEM/F12) supplemented with progesterone, transferrin, selenium, horse serum and muscle extract. Under these conditions only 28% of the motoneurons survived for 8 days. When living astrocytes on(More)
Members of the heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) family of molecular chaperones play important roles in allowing a select group of intracellular signaling molecules reach and maintain functionally active conformations. We have previously shown that hsp90alpha gene expression in early zebrafish embryos is restricted to a subgroup of paraxial-mesoderm derived(More)
A number of laboratories have shown that astrocytes protect neurons from glutamate excitotoxicity. The experiments described in this paper were designed to address the question whether prior exposure of astrocytes to aluminum (in the form of aluminum citrate) interfered with the ability of astrocytes to protect neurons from glutamate excitotoxicity. Our(More)
INTRODUCTION Hedonic capacity is a dispositional ability to experience pleasure in response to stimuli that are typically rewarding. The ability to derive pleasure from natural reinforcers has been relatively overlooked as a risk factor for adolescent smoking. The present study sought to provide initial evidence for a relationship between hedonic capacity(More)
INTRODUCTION Whereas research supports the importance of regular physical activity to decrease the likelihood of smoking uptake, the mechanisms accounting for this relationship are poorly understood. We sought to determine whether the enjoyment or reward derived from physical activity is one mechanism underlying the relationship between smoking and physical(More)