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Myosin VIIa is a newly identified member of the myosin superfamily of actin-based motors. Recently, the myosin VIIa gene was identified as the gene defective in shaker-1, a recessive deafness in mice [Gibson, F., Walsh, J., Mburu, P., Varela, A., Brown, K.A., Antonio, M., Beisel, K.W., Steel, K.P. & Brown, S.D.M. (1995) Nature (London) 374, 62-64], and in(More)
Salicylate, one of the most widely used drugs, is known to induce reversible tinnitus and hearing loss. Salicylate interferes with outer hair cells (OHCs), which are believed to underlie normal auditory frequency selectivity and sensitivity. In the present experiments, the effects of salicylate and lanthanides on OHC motility and nonlinear capacitance were(More)
Whole-cell voltage clamp and displacement-measuring photodiode techniques were used to study electrophysiological and mechanical properties of the guinea pig outer hair cell (OHC). OHCs demonstrate a voltage-mechanical response (V-M) function that can be fit by a two state Boltzmann relation, where the cell normally rests near the hyperpolarizing saturation(More)
Whole cell voltage clamp studies were performed upon isolated and small groups of supporting cells from the guinea pig organ of Corti in order to evaluate junctional and non-junctional membrane characteristics. Single Hensen cells have an average input resistance and capacitance of 1.03 G omega and 24.9 pF, respectively. I-V functions indicate an outward K+(More)
Outer hair cells (OHC) from the organ of Corti are capable of fast voltage-induced length changes (Santos-Sacchi and Dilger, 1988), suggesting that an associated voltage sensor should reside in the OHC plasma membrane. Voltage-dependent mechanical responses and nonlinear charge movement of isolated OHCs from the guinea pig were analyzed using the whole-cell(More)
Type I spiral ganglion cells provide the afferent innervation to the inner hair cells of the mammalian organ of Corti and project centrally to the cochlear nucleus. While single-unit studies conducted over the past several decades have provided a wealth of information concerning the response characteristics of these neurons and, to some extent, their(More)
Intracellular recordings were made from outer hair cells in the third turn of the guinea pig cochlea, and the electrical characteristics of the cells were compared to those of inner hair cells, supporting cells, and extracellular spaces from the same recording region. Outer hair cells have higher membrane potentials than do inner hair cells, but they(More)
The unique electromotility of the outer hair cell (OHC) is believed to promote sharpening of the passive mechanical vibration of the mammalian basilar membrane. The cell also presents a voltage-dependent capacitance, or equivalently, a nonlinear gating current, which correlates well with its mechanical activity, suggesting that membrane-bound voltage(More)
The outer hair cell lateral membrane motor, prestin, drives the cell's mechanical response that underpins mammalian cochlear amplification. Little is known about the protein's structure-function relations. Here we provide evidence that prestin is a 10-transmembrane domain protein whose membrane topology differs from that of previous models. We also present(More)
Zebrafish are popular models for biological discovery. For investigators of the auditory and vestibular periphery, manipulations of hair cell and synaptic mechanisms have relied on inferences from extracellular recordings of physiological activity. We now provide data showing that hair cells and supporting cells of the lateral line can be directly(More)