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This study provides an assessment of the Fluidigm C1 platform for RNA sequencing of single mouse pancreatic islet cells. The system combines microfluidic technology and nanoliter-scale reactions. We sequenced 622 cells, allowing identification of 341 islet cells with high-quality gene expression profiles. The cells clustered into populations of α-cells(More)
Podocyte-derived vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is upregulated in diabetes and may contribute to albuminuria. Although believed to act upon the glomerular endothelium, VEGF may have pronounced effects on the podocyte itself. The functionality of this VEGF autocrine loop was investigated in conditionally immortalized mouse podocytes. Exogenous(More)
BACKGROUND The podocyte is bathed in an angiotensin II (AngII)-rich ultrafiltrate, but the impact of AngII on podocyte pathobiology is not well known. Because podocytes play a direct role in the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) thickening of diabetes, the alpha3(IV) collagen chain was examined. Podocyte expression of alpha3(IV) collagen may involve the(More)
The conventional method for the determination of mercury in clinical samples is cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry. Sample digestion or pretreatment require large sample volume and long sample preparation time. The inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) method developed in this study requires only 100 microL of sample with practically(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS This study was aimed at the elucidation of the pathogenesis of glucotoxicity, i.e. the mechanism whereby hyperglycaemia damages pancreatic beta cells. The identification of pathways in the process may help identify targets for beta cell-protective therapy. Carbohydrate response element-binding protein (ChREBP), a transcription factor that(More)
From our previous study [Eur. J. Clin. Pharmacol. 56 (2000) 405] we hypothesized that chloramphenicol succinate (CAPS) may be a competitive substrate for succinate dehydrogenase (SDH). It may be oxidized by SDH to release chloramphenicol (CAP), which may inhibit SDH by feed back mechanism. The present ex-vivo/in vitro study was aimed to investigate this(More)
BACKGROUND To firmly establish the role of the transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) isoform in the pathophysiology of diabetic tubulointerstitial hypertrophy and fibrosis, we examined how the total absence of TGF-beta1 would alter the effect of high glucose on cellular hypertrophy and matrix expression in tubuloepithelial cells cultured from(More)
Antagonizing glucagon action represents an attractive therapeutic option for reducing hepatic glucose production in settings of hyperglycemia where glucagon excess plays a key pathophysiological role. We therefore generated REGN1193, a fully human monoclonal antibody that binds and inhibits glucagon receptor (GCGR) signaling in vitro. REGN1193(More)
Glucagon supports glucose homeostasis by stimulating hepatic gluconeogenesis, in part by promoting the uptake and conversion of amino acids into gluconeogenic precursors. Genetic disruption or pharmacologic inhibition of glucagon signaling results in elevated plasma amino acids and compensatory glucagon hypersecretion involving expansion of pancreatic α(More)
Angiopoietin-like protein (ANGPTL)8 is a negative regulator of lipoprotein lipase-mediated plasma triglyceride (TG) clearance. In this study, we describe a fully human monoclonal antibody (REGN3776) that binds monkey and human ANGPTL8 with high affinity. Inhibition of ANGPTL8 with REGN3776 in humanized ANGPTL8 mice decreased plasma TGs and increased(More)