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The ovariectomized rat model has now been generally accepted as a useful model for screening different therapeutic agents, but there is a major requirement to identify reliable large animal models for osteoporosis research. In this study, the calcium restricted, ovariectomized minipig has been thoroughly investigated in order to define a large animal model(More)
PURPOSE Hemorrhagic cystitis is a therapy-limiting side effect of cyclophosphamide (CP) treatment for cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential protective effect of L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylate (OTZ; Procysteine) on CP-induced cystitis in the rat. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-six rats were divided into 6 groups: Group(More)
A pilot study was conducted to investigate the combined effects of ovariectomy (OVX) with preceding and concomitant mild dietary calcium restriction on the minipig skeleton. Minipigs 4 months old were fed diets containing 0.9, 0.75, or 0.5% calcium (Ca). At 10 months, the 0.75 and 0.5% pigs were OVX and the 0.9% were either sham operated or OVX. All pigs(More)
The objective of this study was to characterize the changes associated with intravenous infusions of large volumes of isotonic saline solution in rats so that effects of the infusion process could be more easily distinguished from effects of test articles. Male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing approximately 225-275 g at the beginning of the study were given(More)
3660 Background: The role of hepatic artery infusion (HAI) has been controversial, and its use often has been empiric without the benefit of pharmacologic and toxicologic data because a suitable animal model that incorporates prolonged HAI has not been available. The goal of this study is to develop an HAI model nearly identical to humans and to employ this(More)
BACKGROUND Baxter received reports of visible precipitate, identified as calcium carbonate, forming during hemofiltration with Accusol 35 solution. AIM To evaluate the potential for acute cardiopulmonary adverse effects of Accusol 35 containing exaggerated calcium carbonate particles. METHODS Anesthetized dogs underwent continuous veno-venous(More)
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