Joseph S. Pliskin

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This article synthesizes the evidence on the cost-effectiveness of renal replacement therapy and discusses the findings in light of the frequent practice of using the cost-effectiveness of hemodialysis as a benchmark of societal willingness to pay. The authors conducted a meta-analytic review of the medical and economic literature for economic evaluations(More)
We gathered information on the cost-effectiveness of life-saving interventions in the United States from publicly available economic analyses. "Life-saving interventions" were defined as any behavioral and/or technological strategy that reduces the probability of premature death among a specified target population. We defined cost-effectiveness as the net(More)
OBJECTIVES New medical technologies have been identified as the leading cause of increasing health-care expenditures. Adoption of a new technology is one of the most important decisions in medical centers. The objectives of this study were to map and describe the function of hospital decision-makers within the area of new technology assessment and adoption,(More)
The theoretical model of QALYs is based on risk neutrality with respect to life years or constant proportional risk posture with respect to life years. It is shown that discounting of QALYs is inconsistent with these assumptions. For discounting to be consistent with individual preferences in a QALY model, individuals have to be risk-neutral with respect to(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate differences in mortality over the first year of renal replacement therapy (RRT) between elderly patients starting treatment on hemodialysis (HD) versus peritoneal dialysis (PD). For the period of 1991 to mid-1996, this study defined an inception cohort of all patients aged >65 yr with new-onset chronic RRT who(More)
In this paper, we derive the first order conditions for optimality for the problem of a risk-averse expected-utility maximizer newsvendor. We use these conditions to solve a special case where the utility function is any increasing differentiable function, and the random demand is uniformly distributed. This special case has a simple closed form solution(More)
BACKGROUND A health maintenance organization (HMO) provides physicians with electronic notifications regarding HMO-recommended drug substitutes. OBJECTIVE Investigating factors affecting physicians' compliance and evaluating associated cost savings. DESIGN A cross-sectional observational study of all physicians in the HMO's clinics from June 2005 to(More)
The computerized medical record program, CLINIC, specifically designed at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev to be used on-line in a primary care clinic during a patient encounter by healthcare professionals, has been in use for over 6 years in two community clinics. In order to analyse the effectiveness and use of CLINIC, four physicians were video(More)