Joseph S Janicki

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This study tested the hypothesis that with hypertrophy, the proportion, distribution, and structural alignment of fibrillar collagen are important determinants of myocardial stiffness. Toward this end, the collagen volume fraction (morphometry), the transmural or subendocardial distribution of collagen, and the structural arrangement of fibrillar collagens(More)
Pathological left ventricular hypertrophy in renovascular hypertension is associated with the accumulation of fibrillar collagen within the extracellular space and around intramyocardial coronary arteries. Even though the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor captopril was previously found to attenuate this interstitial and perivascular fibrosis, the(More)
The objectives of this study were to investigate the temporal response of left ventricular (LV) matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity and collagen volume fraction (CVF) induced by an aortocaval fistula and the role of cardiac mast cells in regulating MMP activity. LV tissue was analyzed for MMP activity, CVF, and mast cell number in rats euthanized at(More)
Muscular work requires the integration of cardiopulmonary mechanisms for gas exchange and O2 delivery. In patients with chronic cardiac failure, the response of these mechanisms may be impaired, and the pattern of O2 utilization (VO2) and gas exchange during exercise would thus provide an objective assessment of the severity of heart failure. Accordingly,(More)
BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in the maintenance of cardiovascular homeostasis. The present study sought to determine whether nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2), a master gene of the endogenous antioxidant defense system, is a critical regulator of the cardiac hypertrophic response to pathological stress. (More)
BACKGROUND Gender differences in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease, both clinical and experimental, led us to evaluate the influence of gender on ventricular remodeling induced by chronic volume overload. METHODS AND RESULTS Chronic volume overload was induced in male and female rats via infrarenal aortocaval fistula. Ventricular function was(More)
Cardiac muscle is tethered within a fibrillar collagen matrix that serves to maximize force generation. In the human pressure-overloaded, hypertrophied left ventricle, collagen concentration is known to be increased; however, the structural and biochemical remodeling of collagen and its relation to cell necrosis and myocardial mechanics is less clear.(More)
To determine the interrelationships between ejecting and isovolumic force-length relations and the extent to which the left ventricle will shorten, data obtained in 27 isolated, servo-regulated hearts were examined. For each heart a series of contractions, variably loaded (delta L) were derived for a thickwalled sphere and normalized by the cross-sectional(More)
Although there is a correlation between hypertension and levels of interleukin (IL) 6, the exact role this cytokine plays in myocardial remodeling is unknown. This is complicated by the variable tissue and circulating levels of IL-6 reported in numerous experimental models of hypertension. Accordingly, we explored the hypothesis that elevated levels of IL-6(More)