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A nonlinear theory of large elastic deformations of the aortic tissue has been developed. The wall tissue has been considered to be incompressible and curvilinearly orthotropic. The strain energy density function for the tissue is expressed as a polynomial in the circumferential and longitudinal Green-St. Venant strains. Limiting application to states of(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that with hypertrophy, the proportion, distribution, and structural alignment of fibrillar collagen are important determinants of myocardial stiffness. Toward this end, the collagen volume fraction (morphometry), the transmural or subendocardial distribution of collagen, and the structural arrangement of fibrillar collagens(More)
Muscular work requires the integration of cardiopulmonary mechanisms for gas exchange and O2 delivery. In patients with chronic cardiac failure, the response of these mechanisms may be impaired, and the pattern of O2 utilization (VO2) and gas exchange during exercise would thus provide an objective assessment of the severity of heart failure. Accordingly,(More)
Cardiac muscle is tethered within a fibrillar collagen matrix that serves to maximize force generation. In the human pressure-overloaded, hypertrophied left ventricle, collagen concentration is known to be increased; however, the structural and biochemical remodeling of collagen and its relation to cell necrosis and myocardial mechanics is less clear.(More)
The process of cardiac remodeling in response to cardiac injury and/or persistent elevations in wall stress generally relates to the progressive changes that occur in ventricular chamber dimensions and the various components of the myocardium, in particular the cardiomyocytes and the extracellular matrix. Volume overload, pressure overload or myocardial(More)
To determine the interrelationships between ejecting and isovolumic force-length relations and the extent to which the left ventricle will shorten, data obtained in 27 isolated, servo-regulated hearts were examined. For each heart a series of contractions, variably loaded (delta L) were derived for a thickwalled sphere and normalized by the cross-sectional(More)
The use of pharmacologic agents in the treatment of pulmonary hypertension has not proved to be uniformly successful or predictable. One possible reason for the vagaries in response is that the pulmonary vascular lesions are not consistent. We examined the relation between the structure of the pulmonary resistance vessels in unexplained (primary) pulmonary(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II)-mediated sympathostimulation may worsen the progression of cardiac failure, although the nature and mechanisms of such interactions are largely unknown. We previously demonstrated that Ang II combined with evolving cardiodepression (48-hour tachycardia pacing, 48hP) induces marked chamber stiffening and increases metalloproteinases(More)