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Suboptimal levels of phosphorus (P) strongly inhibited leaf expansion in young cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) plants during the daytime, but had little effect at night. The effect of P was primarily on cell expansion. Compared to plants grown on high P, plants grown on low P had lower leaf water potentials and transpiration rates, and greater diurnal(More)
Nitrogen nutrition strongly affected the growth rate of young sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) leaves. When plants were grown from seed on either of two levels of N availability, a 33% decrease in tissue N of expanding leaves was associated with a 75% overall inhibition of leaf growth. Almost all of the growth inhibition resulted from a depression of the(More)
Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) plants were grown in sand culture on nutrient solution containing adequate or growth-limiting levels of P. When water was withheld from the pots, stomata of the most recently expanded leaf closed at leaf water potentials of approximately -16 and -12 bars in the normal and P-deficient plants, respectively. Pressure-volume(More)
Suboptimal N nutrition increased the water potential for stomatal closure in water stressed cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) leaves. This increased sensitivity to water stress had two components, increased accumulation of abscisic acid (ABA) and increased apparent stomatal sensitivity to ABA. Low N increased the threshold water potentials for stomatal closure(More)
Responses of stomata to environment have been intensively studied, but little is known of genetic effects on stomatal conductance or their consequences. In Pima cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.), a crop that is bred for irrigated production in very hot environments, stomatal conductance varies genetically over a wide range and has increased with each release(More)
Ethylene is produced by cultured radish roots in amounts large enough to be physiologically important. When roots were grown in controlled atmospheres, applied ethylene was generally inhibitory to elongation, lateral root initiation, and cambial activity. 1% CO(2) similarly affected roots not given ethylene. In contrast, elongation and lateral root(More)
Yield of Pima cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.) has tripled over the last 40 years with the development of new cultivars. Six genetic lines representing successive stages in the breeding process (one primitive noncultivated accession, four cultivars with release dates from 1949 to 1983, and one unreleased breeding line) were grown in a greenhouse, and their(More)
Nitrogen nutrition exerted a strong effect on stomatal sensitivity to water stress in cotton. In well-watered plants grown with 0.31 millimolar N in the nutrient solution, stomata closed at a water potential of -9 bars even though the wilting point was below -15 bars. For each doubling of nutrient N level, the water potential for stomatal closure decreased(More)
Growth-limiting deficiencies of N or P substantially decrease the hydraulic conductance of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) roots. This shift could result from decreased hydraulic conductivity of cells in the radial flow pathway. A pressure microprobe was used to study water relations of cortical cells in roots of cotton seedlings stressed for N or P. During(More)
Cotton plants (Gossypium hirsutum L.) grown on deficient levels of N exhibited many of the characteristics associated with drought resistance. In N-deficient plants, leaf areas and leaf epidermal cells were smaller than at the same nodes in high-N plants. N-deficient leaves lost only about half as much water per unit change in water potential as did high-N(More)